Mike Crapo – Biographical Profile and Positions on the Issues

Currently Elected United States Senator, Idaho

Republican Party of Idaho
www.crapoforsenate.comwww.crapoforsenate.com
251 East Front Street, Suite 205Boise, ID 83702
(208) 334-1776
64
Biographical
General (political statement of goals, objectives, views, philosophies)

Common sense approaches. Collaborative, creative problem-solving. As a lifelong Idahoan, Mike Crapo has learned that, in many cases, a willingness to listen make an effective leader and lawmaker. Currently in his second term as a Senator for Idaho, his responsibilities, activities and accomplishments to date are a testament to his Idaho roots and values.

Mike's confident leadership style has been recognized by his colleagues in the United States Senate. Only five years into his first term, he was named a member of the Senate Budget Committee, which gives Idaho a steady voice in crafting the federal budget. Mike's natural fiscally-conservative nature has lent a measure of responsible restraint to the pressures for greater spending by the federal

Personal (gender, age, marital status, spouse's name and age, children's name and ages, home town, current residence)

Born in Idaho Falls Idaho, Bonneville County, Idaho, on May 20, 1951. Mike and his wife, Susan, have five children.

Profession (professional and work experience outside politics)

Following graduation from law school, Mike served a one-year clerkship with the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals. Mike was a partner in the law firm of Holden, Kidwell, Hahn & Crapo prior to his service in Congress.

Civic (past and present organizations, charities involvement)

Member, Idaho Falls Rotary Club, 1984-1988

Boy Scouts of America

California Bar Association

Idaho Bar Association.

Political (dates and titles of previously held political offices)

Eight years, Idaho State Senate, representing Bonneville County, 1984-1992; Senate President Pro Tem, 1988-1992

Six years, U.S. House of Representatives, Idaho's 2nd District, 1993-1998

United States Senator, Idaho, 1999-present; elected 1998, re-elected 2004

Member of the Senate Budget Committee.

In 2001, Mike became a member of the Senate Agriculture Committee. He is the Chairman on the Subcommittee on Forestry, Conservation, and Rural Revitalization.

Mike was appointed to the Finance Committee.

Mike serves as a Deputy Whip. He is the founder and Co-chair of the Senate Nuclear Cleanup Caucus. He also serves as Co-Chairman of the Western Water Caucus and Co-Chairman of the Sportsmen's Caucus, and in early 2003 he founded the Senate COPD Caucus, reinforcing his role as a champion of men's and women's health issues. During his tenure in the House, he served on House Leadership as New Member Leader and Strategic Planning Leader and as Deputy Whip for the Western Region.

Religion (current and past religious affiliations, beliefs)

Mormon.

Accomplishments (significant accomplishments, awards, achievements)

His public service began well before this at home in Idaho where he served in the Idaho State Senate from 1984 to 1992, and spent his final four years there in the position of Senate President Pro Tempore.

Mike's confident leadership style has been recognized by his colleagues in the United States Senate. Only five years into his first term, he was named a member of the Senate Budget Committee.

In 2001, Mike became a member of the Senate Agriculture Committee. He is the Chairman on the Subcommittee on Forestry, Conservation, and Rural Revitalization.

As a newly-re-elected second term Senator, Mike was appointed to one of the most important committees in the Senate, the Finance Committee. His prior experience on the Budget and Banking Committees

Education (times and places of schools, colleges, major, degrees, activities, sports)

Crapo received his Juris Doctorate cum laude from Harvard Law School in 1977, and he graduated summa cum laude from Brigham Young University in 1973 with a B.A. in political science.

Military (branch, years of service, active duty experience, highest rank, medals, honors, type and date of discharge)

None.

Immigration
Immigration, a General Statement

I have consistently maintained that there is a real need for a rational immigration policy. As additional immigration proposals are considered in Congress, I will continue to press for an immigration policy that is built on several important principles:

* First, the United States must commit the resources necessary to have the strongest border enforcement realistically possible. Preservation of the integrity of our borders is essential to both a sensible guest worker program as well as our national security. When we have a stable and manageable guest worker and immigration system, we will be able to ensure that those who come to our country, whether they seek to come as a temporary worker or to obtain permanent residency, do so in compliance

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Immigration Reform

I have consistently maintained that there is a real need for a rational immigration policy. As additional immigration proposals are considered in Congress, I will continue to press for an immigration policy that is built on several important principles:

* First, the United States must commit the resources necessary to have the strongest border enforcement realistically possible. Preservation of the integrity of our borders is essential to both a sensible guest worker program as well as our national security. When we have a stable and manageable guest worker and immigration system, we will be able to ensure that those who come to our country, whether they seek to come as a temporary worker or to obtain permanent residency, do so in compliance

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Guest Worker Program

Our guest worker programs must assure that American citizens have the first right to access available jobs. There is significant debate about whether American citizens are losing U.S. jobs to workers from other countries. However, this debate can be resolved by assuring that any jobs made available in a guest worker program are first available to U.S. workers. Manageable ways to assure this have already been identified. An efficient and workable guest worker program must be developed that will provide employers with a reliable, verifiable and legal system to identify guest workers who are legally in the country.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Securing Our Borders

First, the United States must commit the resources necessary to have the strongest border enforcement realistically possible. Preservation of the integrity of our borders is essential to both a sensible guest worker program as well as our national security. When we have a stable and manageable guest worker and immigration system, we will be able to ensure that those who come to our country, whether they seek to come as a temporary worker or to obtain permanent residency, do so in compliance with our rule of law.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Amnesty for Illegal Immigrants

Our immigration system must not grant amnesty to those who enter our country illegally. No person who breaks the law and enters the U.S. illegally should obtain any benefit toward either permanent legal residency or citizenship as a result of their illegal conduct. This is unfair both to American citizens and to those who have gone through legal channels for immigration to the U.S.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

National Security & Terrorism
Homeland Security, a General Statement

It is a primary responsibility of Congress to protect Americans from threats to our national security. The events of September 11, 2001, heightened our national awareness of the external threats our nation and our democratic values face. In an increasingly interconnected world, we must be vigilant, boldly meeting this challenge on every front. The war on terrorism is a new kind of war, requiring a wide range of policy tools in order to achieve victories and prevent terror attacks on U.S. soil. Ideally, we need to employ the multiple, influential tools of statecraft we have at our disposal: economic, military and covert operations, diplomatic, educational, cultural, humanitarian and moral.

Simply stated, we must:

* Use all available financial

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

USA Patriot Act

The USA PATRIOT Act was enacted to remove previously existing statutory barriers between various law enforcement organizations. Initiatives to starve terrorists and states that sponsor terrorism of financing remain long-term strategic goals of U.S. foreign policy. An overarching goal of U.S. counterterrorism policy since the September 11, 2001, attacks has been to expose, disrupt and incapacitate the financial networks of terrorist groups. A key instrument in this effort was Presidential Executive Order 13224, which blocked "all property and interests in property" of certain designated terrorists and individuals and entities materially supporting them.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Making Our Homeland More Secure

Counterterrorism also requires close coordination between intelligence and law enforcement agencies. Through the Homeland Security Act, Congress reorganized many agencies charged with related responsibilities into a single, unified cabinet-level department. The most significant transformation of the U.S. government in over half a century, the Department of Homeland Security combines parts of eighty-eight agencies with the primary mission to protect the American homeland.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

Counterterrorism requires close coordination between intelligence and law enforcement agencies. Through the Homeland Security Act, Congress reorganized many agencies charged with related responsibilities into a single, unified cabinet-level department. The most significant transformation of the U.S. government in over half a century, the Department of Homeland Security combines parts of eighty-eight agencies with the primary mission to protect the American homeland.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Intelligence

One of the first challenges highlighted by the 2001 terrorist attacks was the need to improve intelligence collection and analysis. Congress took steps in enacting the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act, which sought to upgrade our nation's counterterrorism initiatives. It created the coordinating office of the Director of National Intelligence.

Counterterrorism requires close coordination between intelligence and law enforcement agencies. Through the Homeland Security Act, Congress reorganized many agencies charged with related responsibilities into a single, unified cabinet-level department. The most significant transformation of the U.S. government in over half a century, the Department of Homeland Security combines parts of eighty-eight agencies with the primary mission to protect the American homeland.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Domestic Intelligence Agencies

One of the first challenges highlighted by the 2001 terrorist attacks was the need to improve intelligence collection and analysis. Congress took steps in enacting the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act, which sought to upgrade our nation's counterterrorism initiatives. It created the coordinating office of the Director of National Intelligence.

Counterterrorism requires close coordination between intelligence and law enforcement agencies. Through the Homeland Security Act, Congress reorganized many agencies charged with related responsibilities into a single, unified cabinet-level department. The most significant transformation of the U.S. government in over half a century, the Department of Homeland Security combines parts of eighty-eight agencies with the primary mission to protect the American homeland.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

War on Terror, a General Statement

It is a primary responsibility of Congress to protect Americans from threats to our national security. The events of September 11, 2001, heightened our national awareness of the external threats our nation and our democratic values face. In an increasingly interconnected world, we must be vigilant, boldly meeting this challenge on every front. The war on terrorism is a new kind of war, requiring a wide range of policy tools in order to achieve victories and prevent terror attacks on U.S. soil. Ideally, we need to employ the multiple, influential tools of statecraft we have at our disposal: economic, military and covert operations, diplomatic, educational, cultural, humanitarian and moral.

Simply stated, we must:

* Use all available financial

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Gay & Lesbian
Gay Marriage

Issues such as preservation of marriage all affect the state of our families.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Foreign Policy
Dubai Ports Administration Purchase

The proposed purchase of the operation of container terminals at six major U.S. ports by a company headquartered in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) highlights the tension between healthy foreign relations and secure borders. Since 1988, the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS), has evaluated certain foreign purchases of U.S. firms for national security implications. Comprised of representatives from 12 different federal departments and agencies, it conducts a 30-day review on the transaction in question with an additional 45-day review option. In these times of terrorism and the reality of globalization, our national security demands exhaustive examinations of any potential threats, no matter what the source. This is one

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Jobs
Jobs, a General Statement

Our country's economy is a living, changeable thing, and it requires that we each find that economic path that works best for us and our communities. When Alexander Hamilton, in the above quote, speaks about finding our "proper element," it brings to my mind the importance of providing the proper framework from the federal government so that each American can do just that. Our economic well-being is dependent upon many factors: tax rates, international trade and federal budget goals and realities. As I approach each facet, I do so with a commonsense approach that keeps as a priority the fact that it's your hard-earned money that the federal government is taxing, taking and spending. As a member of the Senate Budget Committee, I have the opportunity to represent the commonsense fiscal discipline that Idahoans expect.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Economy
Economy, a General Statement

Our country's economy is a living, changeable thing, and it requires that we each find that economic path that works best for us and our communities. When Alexander Hamilton, in the above quote, speaks about finding our "proper element," it brings to my mind the importance of providing the proper framework from the federal government so that each American can do just that. Our economic well-being is dependent upon many factors: tax rates, international trade and federal budget goals and realities. As I approach each facet, I do so with a commonsense approach that keeps as a priority the fact that it's your hard-earned money that the federal government is taxing, taking and spending. As a member of the Senate Budget Committee, I have the opportunity to represent the commonsense fiscal discipline that Idahoans expect.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Taxes
Taxes, a General Statement

It is estimated that the average family today pays nearly 40 percent of its income in local, state, and federal taxes combined. In a family where both parents work, in many cases, one parent is essentially working to pay the government. This is unacceptable. There are currently many tax relief proposals in Congress that deserve careful consideration. I am dedicated to reforming the tax code to lower the burden on all Americans and to making the tax code fairer, flatter and simpler. Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Tax Code

I am dedicated to reforming the tax code to lower the burden on all Americans and to making the tax code fairer, flatter and simpler. Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Tax Reform

It is estimated that the average family today pays nearly 40 percent of its income in local, state, and federal taxes combined. In a family where both parents work, in many cases, one parent is essentially working to pay the government. This is unacceptable. There are currently many tax relief proposals in Congress that deserve careful consideration. I am dedicated to reforming the tax code to lower the burden on all Americans and to making the tax code fairer, flatter and simpler. Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Income Tax Rates

It is estimated that the average family today pays nearly 40 percent of its income in local, state, and federal taxes combined. In a family where both parents work, in many cases, one parent is essentially working to pay the government. This is unacceptable.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Tax Proposals

There are currently many tax relief proposals in Congress that deserve careful consideration. I am dedicated to reforming the tax code to lower the burden on all Americans and to making the tax code fairer, flatter and simpler. Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Taxes Policy

It is estimated that the average family today pays nearly 40 percent of its income in local, state, and federal taxes combined. In a family where both parents work, in many cases, one parent is essentially working to pay the government. This is unacceptable. There are currently many tax relief proposals in Congress that deserve careful consideration. I am dedicated to reforming the tax code to lower the burden on all Americans and to making the tax code fairer, flatter and simpler. Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

National Sales Tax

Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Flat Tax

Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Education
Education, a General Statement

In Congress, I have consistently worked to enact laws that achieve increased support for public education and preserve decision-making authority for states, local communities and especially local school boards. It is important that we provide a strong foundation for education, as is referenced in the above quote. However, there is a proper role for federal support of education.

The federal government can provide resources, research, incentives and direct support for needed educational objectives. Programs like Headstart, IDEA, Impact Aid, EPSCoR, vocational-technical education and child nutrition programs are just a few of the important successes we have achieved in this arena.

I will continue to be a strong advocate of these and other programs that solve problems and produce results for communities in Idaho and throughout our nation.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

No Child Left Behind Act, a General Statement

On January 8, 2002, President Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind Act. This law reflects the President's initiative to reform the nation's elementary and secondary education practices.

Although NCLB contains important consolidations of overlapping programs and significant expansion of the federal financial commitment to public education, it does not sufficiently recognize state and local autonomy. The accountability provisions in NCLB place the federal government in a position to dominate policy and curriculum management in our public schools. The federal government should not gravitate toward the role of being a national school board supervising our local schools. As always, I remain opposed to one-size-fits-all national solutions

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Public Schools K-12

In Congress, I have consistently worked to enact laws that achieve increased support for public education and preserve decision-making authority for states, local communities and especially local school boards. It is important that we provide a strong foundation for education, as is referenced in the above quote. However, there is a proper role for federal support of education.

The federal government can provide resources, research, incentives and direct support for needed educational objectives. Programs like Headstart, IDEA, Impact Aid, EPSCoR, vocational-technical education and child nutrition programs are just a few of the important successes we have achieved in this arena.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Local Control Over Education

In Congress, I have consistently worked to enact laws that achieve increased support for public education and preserve decision-making authority for states, local communities and especially local school boards. It is important that we provide a strong foundation for education, as is referenced in the above quote. However, there is a proper role for federal support of education.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Improving Education

In Congress, I have consistently worked to enact laws that achieve increased support for public education and preserve decision-making authority for states, local communities and especially local school boards. It is important that we provide a strong foundation for education, as is referenced in the above quote. However, there is a proper role for federal support of education.

The federal government can provide resources, research, incentives and direct support for needed educational objectives. Programs like Headstart, IDEA, Impact Aid, EPSCoR, vocational-technical education and child nutrition programs are just a few of the important successes we have achieved in this arena.

I will continue to be a strong advocate of these and other programs that solve problems and produce results for communities in Idaho and throughout our nation.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Student Loans, Scholarships and Pell Grants

As the cost of college tuition continues to rise, it is becoming increasingly difficult for families to pay for these expenses. In order to meet the needs of a competitive job market, the importance of providing youth with the opportunity to enhance their education has grown tremendously.

The maximum Pell grant has increased from $3,000 in 1998 to $4,050 in the Senate-passed version of the fiscal year (FY) 2004 Department of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations bill. This is a 35 percent increase in just five years. In addition, President Bush has proposed increasing the maximum grant by $500 over the next five years.

In addition, each year the federal government issues over $30 billion in student loans. Congress

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Head Start

The federal government can provide resources, research, incentives and direct support for needed educational objectives. Programs like Headstart are just a few of the important successes we have achieved in this arena.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Adult Education

The federal government can provide resources, research, incentives and direct support for needed educational objectives. Programs like vocational-technical education are just a few of the important successes we have achieved in this arena.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Federal Funding of Private Schools

Impact Aid

Since 1950, Congress has provided financial assistance to federally impacted school districts through the Impact Aid Program. The federal government plays a vital role in ensuring that all students receive a quality education. Working closely with state and local governments, the Impact Aid program is able to serve approximately 1.6 million federally-connected students. In Idaho, Impact Aid provides assistance to thirty-five districts and, last year, allocated over $5.3 million through the program.

I recognize the importance of Impact Aid funding for Idaho. In past congresses I have introduced legislation to strengthen federal Impact Aid by increasing per-student compensation for off-base military children and civilian dependant children. As a member of the Senate Impact Aid Coalition, I will continue to vote to increase funding for federally impacted schools.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Art and Music

The arts play a vital role in improving the quality of cultural and educational life for everyone in America.

Art opens one sense to the perceptivity of another - a transformative experience that touches the soul. Those in our communities who use their creativity and encourage others to pursue creative expression contribute to our society and lives in ways for which credit is rarely or adequately given.

I support the arts and have been very proud of the work done in Idaho to expand the education and appreciation of the multiple and varied art forms practiced across the state. I will continue to work to ensure funding for the arts in Idaho.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

School Safety

We have seen an explosion in the availability of illegal drugs and criminal activity in many parts of the country. We want our families to live in safe communities, attend schools where violence and illegal drugs have no place and patronize businesses that adhere to a code of ethics.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Drugs in Schools

We have seen an explosion in the availability of illegal drugs and criminal activity in many parts of the country. We want our families to live in safe communities, attend schools where violence and illegal drugs have no place and patronize businesses that adhere to a code of ethics.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Environment
Environment, a General Statement

We in Idaho are proud of our natural resources and land. I continue to support legislation that protects our environment for future generations, while respecting the rights of property owners and balancing the needs of the community. Conservation and progress do not need to be at odds. President Roosevelt had it exactly right--we must be careful with what we do with our environment as it will last far beyond our lifespans and become part of what we leave for our children and future generations.

Through a common sense approach of collaboration and cooperation, we can achieve workable solutions to some of the most challenging issues involving our land, environment and natural resources.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

National Forests and Healthy Forests Initiative

We also look ahead as projects under the Healthy Forests Restoration Act (HFRA) become more widespread, and the longer-term effects of forest fire mitigation efforts result in fewer devastating fires in Idaho. In July, I wrote of ongoing HFRA projects which benefit Idaho's people, land, water and wildlife. These include prescribed burns, fuels reduction work, community education, protection and recovery efforts including those utilizing students, habitat rehabilitation and improvement, formation of collaborative working groups to assess the viability and success of fire mitigation, rural fire assistance, stewardship contracts that bring together public, private, local, regional and national participants, and long-term forest management plans.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Land, Rivers and Lakes

We in Idaho are proud of our natural resources and land. I continue to support legislation that protects our environment for future generations, while respecting the rights of property owners and balancing the needs of the community. Conservation and progress do not need to be at odds. President Roosevelt had it exactly right--we must be careful with what we do with our environment as it will last far beyond our lifespans and become part of what we leave for our children and future generations.

Through a common sense approach of collaboration and cooperation, we can achieve workable solutions to some of the most challenging issues involving our land, environment and natural resources.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Endangered Species

For years now, landowners, environmentalists and state and federal agencies responsible for implementation and enforcement of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) have been working to improve the Act. The status quo is not producing the best possible outcome for species or people. And although stakeholders continue to advocate for meaningful improvements, the stalemate goes on. In the meantime, the survival of one species after another, and one ranch or farm after another is called into question. The time to take action is now, in 2006. With the firm goal of moving forward on ESA recovery, Senator Blanche Lincoln (D-Arkansas) and I introduced the bipartisan Collaboration for the Recovery of the Endangered Species Act (CRESA) in December. CRESA translates

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Trade
Trade, a General Statement

I support fair trade and have confidence in the ability of U.S. agriculture, business, and industry to compete in global markets that provide increased access, reduced tariffs, and reduced non-tariff barriers. As the U.S. pursues multilateral and bilateral free trade agreements, our trade agreements should achieve mutually-beneficial trade.

.At the beginning of my second term in the Senate, I was appointed to the Senate Finance Committee, which has jurisdiction over reciprocal trade agreements. As the Committee and Congress consider trade agreements, I will continue to work to ensure that we gain strong achievements for agriculture through our trade agreements.

I support free and fair trade and have confidence in the ability of U.S. agriculture,

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Trade Policy Priorities

I support fair trade and have confidence in the ability of U.S. agriculture, business, and industry to compete in global markets that provide increased access, reduced tariffs, and reduced non-tariff barriers. As the U.S. pursues multilateral and bilateral free trade agreements, our trade agreements should achieve mutually-beneficial trade.

.At the beginning of my second term in the Senate, I was appointed to the Senate Finance Committee, which has jurisdiction over reciprocal trade agreements. As the Committee and Congress consider trade agreements, I will continue to work to ensure that we gain strong achievements for agriculture through our trade agreements.

I support free and fair trade and have confidence in the ability of U.S. agriculture,

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Free Market Vision

I support free and fair trade and have confidence in the ability of U.S. agriculture, business, and industry to compete in global markets that provide increased access, reduced tariffs and reduced non-tariff barriers. However, trade must be free and fair if it is to work. When we open our markets, we also expect our trading partners to reduce trade barriers and to open their own markets to our goods and services. We can be tough and fair on trade at the same time by strictly enforcing all of our trade laws and also ensuring that domestic firms are protected with access to U.S. trade remedy laws.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Internet, Media & Communications
Internet, a General Statement

Increasingly, telecommunications and technology are part of our everyday lives. Computers are common in our homes and workplaces. E-mail traffic continues to grow. Cell phones not only receive calls, but browse the Internet, function as alarm clock and appointment reminders, and serve as instant messengers between friends Senator Crapo speaks to radio reporters from radio studio on Capitol Hill.and family members.

Nearly 70 percent of Americans use the Internet on a regular basis. While these changes are exciting and innovative, it is important that Congress promotes and maximizes technology in a way that keeps our country in the forefront of the field. It can improve our quality of life. It will strengthen our economy and eradicate trade barriers.

As

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Internet Crime

Issues such as child predators--online or in person all affect the state of our families.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Internet Pornography

Issues such as child predators--online or in person all affect the state of our families.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Internet Sexual Assault of Children

Issues such as child predators--online or in person all affect the state of our families.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Federal Budget & Fiscal Policy
Fiscal Policy, a General Statement

The federal government should exercise fiscal responsibility in carrying out its budget. As a member of the Senate Budget Committee, I strongly support reigning in federal spending and taking decisive steps to reduce the national debt. That's one reason I find the quote from Adam Smith to be so pertinent; the federal government simply must control spending and use federal tax dollars in an appropriate manner.

I will continue to work with my colleagues in the Senate to ensure greater accountability in the budget and appropriations process. With the pending retirement of the baby boomer generation, strains on the budget will only continue. We must seek ways to save now - by investing in the programs that work and by addressing those that do not. Savings now could make all the difference in the years to come.

As I review the budget each year with my colleagues in the Budget Committee, I will be sure to keep these priorities in mind.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Federal Budget & Debt

The federal government should exercise fiscal responsibility in carrying out its budget. As a member of the Senate Budget Committee, I strongly support reigning in federal spending and taking decisive steps to reduce the national debt. That's one reason I find the quote from Adam Smith to be so pertinent; the federal government simply must control spending and use federal tax dollars in an appropriate manner.

I will continue to work with my colleagues in the Senate to ensure greater accountability in the budget and appropriations process. With the pending retirement of the baby boomer generation, strains on the budget will only continue. We must seek ways to save now - by investing in the programs that work and by addressing those that do not. Savings now could make all the difference in the years to come.

As I review the budget each year with my colleagues in the Budget Committee, I will be sure to keep these priorities in mind.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Deficit Spending

Our country simply must commit to a cost-effective federal budget and the need to eliminate wasteful spending. Since my election to Congress in 1992, I have been fighting to reduce federal spending and the public debt. I am committed to reversing the federal deficit and returning our country to its recent fiscal prosperity. When necessary, Congress must balance that with the need of spending emergencies such as natural disasters and war. It should do so responsibly and with restraint. Such events should not serve to open the floodgates for unrelated and unnecessary spending. I will continue to work with my colleagues in Congress to practice the fiscal discipline necessary to ensure that we will not be harmed economically because of wasteful spending.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Spending Limits

Our country simply must commit to a cost-effective federal budget and the need to eliminate wasteful spending. Since my election to Congress in 1992, I have been fighting to reduce federal spending and the public debt. I am committed to reversing the federal deficit and returning our country to its recent fiscal prosperity. When necessary, Congress must balance that with the need of spending emergencies such as natural disasters and war. It should do so responsibly and with restraint. Such events should not serve to open the floodgates for unrelated and unnecessary spending. I will continue to work with my colleagues in Congress to practice the fiscal discipline necessary to ensure that we will not be harmed economically because of wasteful spending.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Medical Insurance
Health Insurance, a General Statement

The burden that high insurance and medical costs places on working families and seniors with fixed incomes needs to be addressed. In the 110th Congress, we must take steps to make health care more affordable, cover the uninsured and strengthen the safety net for those who fall through the cracks. Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness, modernizing federal tax rules for health coverage, encouraging states to design health solutions for their citizens, and improving access to information on the price and quality of health services. While the government can play a role in providing and regulating health care, ultimately both consumers and providers should be free from excessive government

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Medicare

Providing effective and affordable health care to our nation's elderly is one of the greatest challenges facing the health profession, insurers, and local, state, and federal governments. I have heard similar concerns from numerous Idahoans and understand the burden that high health care costs place on seniors with fixed incomes. Our nation's elderly should not be forced to forfeit vital necessities in order to afford adequate health care. Efforts to strengthen and improve the Medicare system are ongoing in Congress.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Medically Uninsured or Underinsured

In the 110th Congress, we must cover the uninsured and strengthen the safety net for those who fall through the cracks. Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness, modernizing federal tax rules for health coverage, encouraging states to design health solutions for their citizens, and improving access to information on the price and quality of health services.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Free Market Health Care

The burden that high insurance and medical costs places on working families and seniors with fixed incomes needs to be addressed. In the 110th Congress, we must take steps to make health care more affordable, cover the uninsured and strengthen the safety net for those who fall through the cracks. Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness, modernizing federal tax rules for health coverage, encouraging states to design health solutions for their citizens, and improving access to information on the price and quality of health services. While the government can play a role in providing and regulating health care, ultimately both consumers and providers should be free from excessive government

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Health Insurance Purchase Choices

The burden that high insurance and medical costs places on working families and seniors with fixed incomes needs to be addressed. While the government can play a role in providing and regulating health care, ultimately both consumers and providers should be free from excessive government interference with their health care choices. Instead of giving the government more power over health care, individual patients must be given more control, choice, and information to make their health care decisions. When individual patients have these choices, they will reward innovative providers and insurers who reduce costs and improve quality.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Market-Based Medical Insurance

The burden that high insurance and medical costs places on working families and seniors with fixed incomes needs to be addressed. In the 110th Congress, we must take steps to make health care more affordable, cover the uninsured and strengthen the safety net for those who fall through the cracks. Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness, modernizing federal tax rules for health coverage, encouraging states to design health solutions for their citizens, and improving access to information on the price and quality of health services. While the government can play a role in providing and regulating health care, ultimately both consumers and providers should be free from excessive government

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Abortion, Stem Cell & Cloning
Abortion, a General Statement

Issues such as protection of unborn children all affect the state of our families.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Crime
Crime, a General Statement

All Americans should be treated with the dignity and respect they deserve. As a basic principle, any person convicted of injuring another individual should be punished to the highest extent of the law. This should be applied equally and without regard to race, religion or sexual orientation. This is the guiding principle established in our Constitution, one that helped frame much of what is covered in that document.

In the wake of numerous controversial court decisions at the District, Appellate and Supreme Court levels, many Americans have become disillusioned with our current judicial system.

Many Idahoans have expressed concerns to me about unelected judges legislating from the federal bench. In the past, I have voted against the confirmation

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Crimes Against Children

Issues such as family and dating violence intervention, awareness and prevention; child predators--online or in person; all affect the state of our families.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Domestic Violence

Issues such as family and dating violence intervention, awareness and prevention affect the state of our families. We must stand guard against destructive behavior and policies that threaten to harm our families and our children, and we must support healthy, morally-sound relationships, free from physical and emotional abuse and drug abuse.

Having led efforts to raise awareness of teen dating violence and established the first full week in February as National Teen Dating Violence Prevention Week in 2005, I continue to be actively involved in generating public awareness about family and dating violence. I will continue to promote legislation and initiatives that help victims stand against some of the most difficult problems facing families today, and help victims' advocates promote awareness and education about how to move beyond tragedy to healing.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Courts, Laws & Justice
Courts, a General Statement

In the wake of numerous controversial court decisions at the District, Appellate and Supreme Court levels, many Americans have become disillusioned with our current judicial system.

Many Idahoans have expressed concerns to me about unelected judges legislating from the federal bench. In the past, I have voted against the confirmation of nominees who have supported an activist role for the federal judiciary. I will continue to examine the records of all nominees, and will oppose any nominee whose philosophy runs counter to the Constitutional role of the judicial branch.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Supreme Court

On September 12th, Senate hearings to consider John G. Roberts, Jr., for Chief Justice began. As history demonstrates, this deliberation is profoundly relevant to our nation's future. The sovereignty of states' rights are paramount to the preservation of individual liberties and private property. Judge Roberts' opening statement reveals his view on the role of the Judiciary: "Judges and justices are servants of the law, not the other way around. Judges are like umpires. Umpires don't make the rules; they apply them." I'm confident that Judge Roberts has the experience and ability to faithfully interpret our Constitution, preserving the rights that we Idahoans hold dear.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Activist Judges Legislating from the Bench

In the wake of numerous controversial court decisions at the District, Appellate and Supreme Court levels, many Americans have become disillusioned with our current judicial system.

Many Idahoans have expressed concerns to me about unelected judges legislating from the federal bench. In the past, I have voted against the confirmation of nominees who have supported an activist role for the federal judiciary. I will continue to examine the records of all nominees, and will oppose any nominee whose philosophy runs counter to the Constitutional role of the judicial branch.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Health & Medical
Health & Medical Care, a General Statement

Ensuring access to effective and affordable health care is one of the greatest challenges facing the health profession, insurers, and local, state and federal governments. The burden that high insurance and medical costs places on working families and seniors with fixed incomes needs to be addressed. In the 110th Congress, we must take steps to make health care more affordable, cover the uninsured and strengthen the safety net for those who fall through the cracks.

As a cancer survivor, I know how important affordable, quality care is to Idaho families. Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness, modernizing federal tax rules for health coverage, encouraging states to design health

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Improving Health & Medical Care

Ensuring access to effective and affordable health care is one of the greatest challenges facing the health profession, insurers, and local, state and federal governments. The burden that high insurance and medical costs places on working families and seniors with fixed incomes needs to be addressed. In the 110th Congress, we must take steps to make health care more affordable, cover the uninsured and strengthen the safety net for those who fall through the cracks.

As a cancer survivor, I know how important affordable, quality care is to Idaho families. Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness, modernizing federal tax rules for health coverage, encouraging states to design health

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Disease Prevention

Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Children's Health

Child Nutrition

As a father of five, I understand the positive effects that good nutrition has in helping a child develop and remain alert throughout the course of a school day. The Child Nutrition Act, originally passed by Congress in 1966, authorizes a number of programs including the National School Lunch Program.

S. 2507, the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004, was passed by the Senate on June 23, 2004, and signed into law by President Bush on June 30, 2004. As a member of the Senate Agriculture Committee, I am pleased to have contributed to the creation of this law intended to end hunger for low-income children throughout the nation. I will work to ensure child nutrition programs receive the funding they deserve, so that Idaho children will continue to benefit.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Elderly's Health

I recognize and am concerned about the financial and emotional strain that long-term care places on families. The number of elderly Americans is steadily rising. As our nation's elderly population increases, chronic illnesses will also rise. The increase of Americans with chronic illnesses will elevate the need for long-term care. Congress will continue to explore options that make this care possible without bankrupting families. As the Senate addresses this issue, I will work to ensure that long-term care is within reach of all citizens that require it.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Business
Small Business

A recent small business concern has been a proposal regarding Association Health Plans (AHP). Legislation to set up AHPs, S. 406, was introduced by Senator Olympia Snowe (R-Maine) on February 16, 2005. This measure would streamline regulations for small businesses that pool their money to buy health insurance through groups called AHPs, and it would exempt the groups from state mandates. S. 406 was referred to the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions.

As a former member of the Senate Small Business Committee, I consider the success of small businesses to be one of my top priorities. As you may know, of the millions of Americans without health insurance, 60 percent work for small employers who cannot afford to offer them

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Banking Practices

In a growing state like Idaho, financial institutions play a vital role in the development of our local economy by facilitating capital formation processes that are so necessary for job creation. Without available credit, companies cannot grow and consequently will not hire additional American workers.

Although I have been pushing for financial regulatory reform long before we had the credit crunch and the credit crisis, I voted against H.R. 4173 in 2010 because it failed to address crucial elements of the crisis. Furthermore, it would restrict access to credit, discourage capital formation, and yet once again create a large, new, expensive government bureaucracy unreasonably extending the federal government's control over the economy.

We

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Energy, Gas, Oil & Autos
Energy, a General Statement

Our economy and way of life depend on reliable sources of energy. It gets us from place to place, makes us comfortable at home or work, moves goods and products throughout our vast nation and is, in large part, one of the pillars of the quality of life that we enjoy. It's important that we have diverse energy sources, not just the traditional fossil fuels--oil, petroleum,natural gas; but hydropower, nuclear, solar, wind, geothermal and other renewable and alternative energies should be part of that energy mix. Conservation is also a very important part of a national energy policy. Idaho has had a presence in energy research and development for many years. In fact, the world's first usable electricity from nuclear energy was generated at the

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Energy Independence from Foreign Oil

In my work in the Senate, I consistently seek out opportunities to promote a national energy policy that will lead us to less dependence on foreign sources. As a member of the Senate Renewables and Energy Efficiency Caucus, I am part of an effort to increase awareness of the various forms of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies available.

As we enter a new era in technology, I will continue to support programs that expand and improve our nation's energy portfolio.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Nuclear Power

Idaho has had a presence in energy research and development for many years. In fact, the world's first usable electricity from nuclear energy was generated at the Idaho National Laboratory. This is just one example of many that reveals Idaho's active involvement in seeking out ways to advance our nation's energy security.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Renewable Energy, Solar, Biomass and Wind

It's important that we have diverse energy sources, not just the traditional fossil fuels--oil, petroleum,natural gas; but hydropower, nuclear, solar, wind, geothermal and other renewable and alternative energies should be part of that energy mix. Conservation is also a very important part of a national energy policy. Idaho has had a presence in energy research and development for many years. As a member of the Senate Renewables and Energy Efficiency Caucus, I am part of an effort to increase awareness of the various forms of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies available.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Energy Research and Development

Our economy and way of life depend on reliable sources of energy. It gets us from place to place, makes us comfortable at home or work, moves goods and products throughout our vast nation and is, in large part, one of the pillars of the quality of life that we enjoy. It's important that we have diverse energy sources, not just the traditional fossil fuels--oil, petroleum,natural gas; but hydropower, nuclear, solar, wind, geothermal and other renewable and alternative energies should be part of that energy mix. Conservation is also a very important part of a national energy policy. Idaho has had a presence in energy research and development for many years. In fact, the world's first usable electricity from nuclear energy was generated at the

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Solar Energy Investment Tax Credit Bill

Last fall, I wrote that the United States needed to find cost-effective ways to access and exploit diverse energy sources while promoting energy conservation by individuals and industry. At that time we were facing exorbitant gasoline prices and climbing natural gas prices. In nine months, the situation has only worsened. And as I noted then, this crisis reveals a growing divide between supply and demand that threatens to become a chasm of failed energy policy. Congress has come to the brink on this topic for a few years now, foundering every year in lost momentum and partisanship. Finally, the months of debate, compromise and problem-solving have paid off. On Monday, August 8, President Bush signed a comprehensive, hard-won energy bill into

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Domestic Energy Production

It's important that we have diverse energy sources, not just the traditional fossil fuels--oil, petroleum,natural gas; but hydropower, nuclear, solar, wind, geothermal and other renewable and alternative energies should be part of that energy mix. Conservation is also a very important part of a national energy policy. Idaho has had a presence in energy research and development for many years. In fact, the world's first usable electricity from nuclear energy was generated at the Idaho National Laboratory. This is just one example of many that reveals Idaho's active involvement in seeking out ways to advance our nation's energy security.

In my work in the Senate, I consistently seek out opportunities to promote a national energy policy that will

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Values, Religion & Family
Family, a General Statement

A strong family unit is the bedrock of a healthy society. Many of the important issues facing American families today are the subject of legislation being addressed in Congress. Issues such as family and dating violence intervention, awareness and prevention; child predators--online or in person; methamphetamine and other illicit drug abuse awareness and prevention; protection of unborn children; and, preservation of marriage all affect the state of our families. We must stand guard against destructive behavior and policies that threaten to harm our families and our children, and we must support healthy, morally-sound relationships, free from physical and emotional abuse and drug abuse.

Having led efforts to raise awareness of teen dating violence

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Media Violence and Sex

The content of broadcast programming and decency standards for broadcast television and radio has gotten a lot of attention in recent months. It is clear that the amount of unsuitable, violent, and adult-oriented programming on the air has increased in recent years. Congress has worked on legislation that would increase the penalties for indecency, prohibit the broadcast of certain words and phrases, and express disapproval of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Enforcement Bureau's decisions regarding recent broadcasts.

H.R. 310, the Broadcast Decency Enforcement Act, was introduced by Representative Fred Upton (R-Michigan) in January of 2005. This measure aims to increase the penalties for violations by television and radio broadcasters

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Transportation
Transportation, a General Statement

A good transportation system promotes economic growth in Idaho and across the nation and improves our personal mobility and quality of life. Highways and infrastructure play a critical role in attracting economic development to rural locations like many Idaho cities and towns. A good transportation system gets product from the farm and factory to the distribution centers, and on to the stores and consumers. It enables us to move safely and efficiently to school, work, around town and around the state and country.

On a more general level, any good transportation legislation must distribute highway funds in a way that recognizes the national interest in transportation investment in and across rural states, not just in populated areas. Without

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Federal Infrastructure & Transportation Funding

Any good transportation legislation must distribute highway funds in a way that recognizes the national interest in transportation investment in and across rural states, not just in populated areas. Without good interstate and arterial routes in states like Idaho, business and pleasure travel as well as interstate commerce are detrimentally affected. Accordingly, there is no question that the federal highway program needs to make a substantial net investment in the highways of Idaho.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Veterans
Veterans, a General Statement

Our nation is indebted to those individuals who have served in the Armed Services and we must keep our commitment to these brave men and women. I recognize the importance of ensuring the federal government takes the necessary steps to address the needs of veterans and to acknowledge the sacrifices they have made for the very freedom we hold dear. I have been honored to meet many of the thousands of veterans who call Idaho home.

I have also had the privilege of interviewing some of these brave men and women for the Library of Congress Veterans History Project. In recording their wartime memories, I have heard stories of bravery in face of the enemy and extraordinary love and support by the families they left behind. As elected officials, it

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

GI Bill & Veterans' Benefits

Our nation is indebted to those individuals who have served in the Armed Services and we must keep our commitment to these brave men and women. I recognize the importance of ensuring the federal government takes the necessary steps to address the needs of veterans and to acknowledge the sacrifices they have made for the very freedom we hold dear. I have been honored to meet many of the thousands of veterans who call Idaho home.

I have also had the privilege of interviewing some of these brave men and women for the Library of Congress Veterans History Project. In recording their wartime memories, I have heard stories of bravery in face of the enemy and extraordinary love and support by the families they left behind. As elected officials, it

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Veterans' Recognition

Another way to pay tribute to those who have served our country is through an online interactive photo of the Vietnam War Memorial, which allows viewers to add photos, comments and stories about those who lost their lives during the Vietnam conflict.

Idaho is home to thousands of veterans, who served our country honorably. In the 110th Congress, I joined with my colleagues to designate March 25, 2007, as National Medal of Honor Day. More than 3,400 service personnel have received the Medal of Honor since it was first awarded on March 25, 1863, to six Union soldiers. Only 111 recipients of the nation's highest military honor are still living; at least five of those live in Idaho.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Civil Rights
USA Patriot Act

Idaho Senator Mike Crapo voted today to invoke cloture on debate of the USA PATRIOT and Terrorism Prevention Reauthorization Act of 2005, which would allow the Senate to vote on extending expiring provisions in the law. The Act contains provisions that will expire Dec. 31 unless the Senate approves an extension. Cloture is a Senate procedure requiring 60 votes that allows the Senate to end debate on an issue and move to a vote on the actual bill. Because the cloture vote failed on a vote of 52-47, there will not be a vote on passing the reauthorization measure at this time. Following the vote, Crapo issued the following statement:

"The PATRIOT Act was first enacted to protect Americans against terrorism," said Crapo. "This revised version meets

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

African, Latino & Native Americans
Latino Americans, a General Statement

The Hispanic population in Idaho is one of the fastest growing in the country.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

African Americans, a General Statement

KNowadays Idaho has a small but vibrant and growing African American community.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Native Americans, a General Statement

Kootenai, Coeur d'Alene, Dubois, Nez Perce, Ahsaska, Indian Valley, Payette, Shoshone. These are just some of the location names of Idaho that point to a fascinating and diverse past. Much of Idaho's history begins with Native American tribes; many of the names of our cities and counties have Indian origins.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Casinos on Native American Reservations

Q: What does Senator Crapo think about gaming?

A: I do not support any gaming, but feel that what is permitted for the state should be permitted for the tribes.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Prescription Drugs
Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Program for Seniors

The new Medicare drug program is the largest federal entitlement program to be enacted in four decades. Any time the government undertakes a project of this magnitude, complications will arise. And alarm over problems can obscure good news--as of January 19, 84,000 of the 193,000 Medicare-eligible beneficiaries in Idaho were enrolled under the new Medicare Part D. The Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, together with local agencies and organizations, currently have 173 sites statewide to help educate and enroll Idaho seniors in the new program.

Challenges remain. I know about confusing new co-payments and formularies, tied-up phone lines and malfunctioning computer systems. These problems are unacceptable and improvements are being implemented.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Social Security & Pensions
Social Security, a General Statement

Congress has undertaken the monumental task of preserving the Social Security system for current beneficiaries and future generations. I agree that the federal government should not hamper a senior's ability to live in a financially stable environment. I look forward to examining a wide array of proposals to strengthen Social Security and will continue to seek methods of improving the Social Security system for those who are now on it and those who will depend on it in the future.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Long Term Viability of Social Security

Congress has undertaken the monumental task of preserving the Social Security system for current beneficiaries and future generations. I agree that the federal government should not hamper a senior's ability to live in a financially stable environment. I look forward to examining a wide array of proposals to strengthen Social Security and will continue to seek methods of improving the Social Security system for those who are now on it and those who will depend on it in the future.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Raising the Retirement Age or Reducing Payment Levels

I agree that the federal government should not hamper a senior's ability to live in a financially stable environment. I look forward to examining a wide array of proposals to strengthen Social Security and will continue to seek methods of improving the Social Security system for those who are now on it and those who will depend on it in the future.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Pensions, a General Statement

I understand the need for pension protection in light of current economic conditions. When companies declare bankruptcy, all too often it is the retirees who are adversely affected. American workers should not be concerned about the security of their pension plans. As a member of the Senate Finance Committee, I will work with my colleagues in Congress to protect the interests of Idaho's workers and their pension plans.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Pension Reform

I understand the need for pension protection in light of current economic conditions. When companies declare bankruptcy, all too often it is the retirees who are adversely affected. American workers should not be concerned about the security of their pension plans. As a member of the Senate Finance Committee, I will work with my colleagues in Congress to protect the interests of Idaho's workers and their pension plans.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation

I understand the need for pension protection in light of current economic conditions. When companies declare bankruptcy, all too often it is the retirees who are adversely affected. American workers should not be concerned about the security of their pension plans. As a member of the Senate Finance Committee, I will work with my colleagues in Congress to protect the interests of Idaho's workers and their pension plans.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Illegal Drugs & Marijuana
Illegal Drugs, a General Statement

We have seen an explosion in the availability of illegal drugs and criminal activity in many parts of the country. We want our families to live in safe communities, attend schools where violence and illegal drugs have no place and patronize businesses that adhere to a code of ethics.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Metamphetamines

Meth is incredibly dangerous. Addictive after the first experience, the high is never as strong as the first time, requiring progressively more to achieve the same feeling. Furthermore, as we learn more about this terrifying drug, we are discovering that traditional drug rehabilitation is ineffective; meth requires much longer treatment--years, in fact.

Law enforcement, the Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, and state, county and local agencies are working around the clock to fight this monster of a drug. In the past five years, many home labs have been seized--good news for communities and for innocent children contaminated by meth, either from second hand smoke or through residue on furniture and rugs. The Idaho Department of Health

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Science, Technology & Space
Science, a General Statement

"A people ... who are possessed of the spirit of commerce, who see and who will pursue their advantages may achieve almost anything." George Washington

As a member of the Senate Republican High-Tech Task Force, I continue to support cutting-edge science and research programs.

The United States leads the world in many areas due to investments made by both public and private sectors in biotechnology, health, space, aeronautics, general science and other fields. To maintain our competitive edge, it is critical that we continue to invest in math and science education.

For this reason, I have consistently supported the NASA Idaho Space Grant Consortium in its impressive work. The Space Grant program was established by Congress in 1988 to increase

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Science and Technology Research and Development

As a member of the Senate Republican High-Tech Task Force, I continue to support cutting-edge science and research programs.

The United States leads the world in many areas due to investments made by both public and private sectors in biotechnology, health, space, aeronautics, general science and other fields. To maintain our competitive edge, it is critical that we continue to invest in math and science education.

For this reason, I have consistently supported the NASA Idaho Space Grant Consortium in its impressive work. The Space Grant program was established by Congress in 1988 to increase science, math and engineering education in our nation. The Idaho Space Grant Consortium (ISGC) serves the people of Idaho with a flexible, broad based

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Technology, a General Statement

Increasingly, telecommunications and technology are part of our everyday lives. Computers are common in our homes and workplaces. E-mail traffic continues to grow. Cell phones not only receive calls, but browse the Internet, function as alarm clock and appointment reminders, and serve as instant messengers between friends Senator Crapo speaks to radio reporters from radio studio on Capitol Hill.and family members.

Nearly 70 percent of Americans use the Internet on a regular basis. While these changes are exciting and innovative, it is important that Congress promotes and maximizes technology in a way that keeps our country in the forefront of the field. It can improve our quality of life. It will strengthen our economy and eradicate trade barriers.

As

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

For this reason, I have consistently supported the NASA Idaho Space Grant Consortium in its impressive work. The Space Grant program was established by Congress in 1988 to increase science, math and engineering education in our nation. The Idaho Space Grant Consortium (ISGC) serves the people of Idaho with a flexible, broad based grant program that encourages NASA-related research, special projects and K-12 initiatives across the state.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Food & Agriculture
Agriculture, a General Statement

With Idaho farmers and ranchers producing more than 140 commodities statewide, Idaho has a diversified and abundant agriculture industry that contributes significantly to Idaho's economy. Webster's statement above is clearly indicative of the role that agriculture has played in Idaho's history. Because agriculture is so important to Idaho communities and history, I served as a member of the Senate Agriculture Committee during the reauthorization of the 2008 Farm Bill.

I served as the Ranking Member on the Subcommittee on Rural Revitalization, Conservation, Forestry and Credit, which has jurisdiction over a number of issues important to Idaho, including rural development and electrification, agricultural credit, crop insurance, forestry, and

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Farm Bill

Because agriculture is so important to Idaho communities and history, I served as a member of the Senate Agriculture Committee during the reauthorization of the 2008 Farm Bill.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Financial Crisis
Financial Crisis, a General Statement

In a growing state like Idaho, financial institutions play a vital role in the development of our local economy by facilitating capital formation processes that are so necessary for job creation. Without available credit, companies cannot grow and consequently will not hire additional American workers.

Although I have been pushing for financial regulatory reform long before we had the credit crunch and the credit crisis, I voted against H.R. 4173 in 2010 because it failed to address crucial elements of the crisis. Furthermore, it would restrict access to credit, discourage capital formation, and yet once again create a large, new, expensive government bureaucracy unreasonably extending the federal government's control over the economy.

We

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

The most expensive government bailouts will be those of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac -- the largest housing lenders that purchased home loans, packaged them into investments and then guaranteed them against default.

Last Congress, I offered an amendment that would have ended the unlimited bailouts of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and provided for a true accounting of the costs. Although my amendment received a majority of votes, it failed because the procedural vote needed 60 votes to pass. The main goals of GSE reform legislation should be to reestablish a housing finance market that has long-term stability in which private capital is the primary source of mortgage financing and the taxpayer is protected in the event of another housing collapse.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Financial Industry Regulation

In a growing state like Idaho, financial institutions play a vital role in the development of our local economy by facilitating capital formation processes that are so necessary for job creation. Without available credit, companies cannot grow and consequently will not hire additional American workers.

As a member of the Senate Banking Committee, I will continue to push for reforms that modernize and rationalize the federal financial regulatory system to handle the challenges of the 21st century markets, while protecting consumers and taxpayers against the risks that caused our recent economic collapse.

Although I have been pushing for financial regulatory reform long before we had the credit crunch and the credit crisis, I voted against H.R.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

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