Mike Crapo – Biographical Profile and Positions on the Issues

Currently Elected United States Senator, Idaho

Republican Party of Idaho
www.crapoforsenate.comwww.crapoforsenate.com
251 East Front Street, Suite 205Boise, ID 83702
208.334.1776
64
Biographical
General (political statement of goals, objectives, views, philosophies)

Common sense approaches. Collaborative, creative problem-solving. As a lifelong Idahoan, Mike Crapo has learned that, in many cases, a willingness to listen make an effective leader and lawmaker. Currently in his second term as a Senator for Idaho, his responsibilities, activities and accomplishments to date are a testament to his Idaho roots and values.

Mike's confident leadership style has been recognized by his colleagues in the United States Senate. Only five years into his first term, he was named a member of the Senate Budget Committee, which gives Idaho a steady voice in crafting the federal budget. Mike's natural fiscally-conservative nature has lent a measure of responsible restraint to the pressures for greater spending by the federal government over the past two budget sessions. This committee is responsible for drafting Congress' annual budget plan and monitoring action on that budget. The Senate Budget committee also oversees the operation of the Congressional Budget Office.

In 2001, Mike became a member of the Senate Agriculture Committee. In this role, he is able to consider the needs of the majority of Idaho's natural resources' industry, namely agriculture and timber. He is the Chairman on the Subcommittee on Forestry, Conservation, and Rural Revitalization, which holds jurisdiction over a number of important Idaho concerns. Those include rural development legislation and rural electrification development legislation; oversight of rural electrification, agricultural credit, the Farm Credit System, the Farm Credit Administration, and the Farmers Home Administration and its successor agencies; crop insurance; forestry in general and forest reserves that were acquired from state, local, or private sources, soil conservation, stream channelization, watershed and flood control programs involving structures of less than 4,000 acre-feet storage capacity. He is also a member of the Subcommittee on Research, Nutrition, and General Legislation.

At th [Response was truncated to maximum response length of 2000 characters.]

Personal (gender, age, marital status, spouse's name and age, children's name and ages, home town, current residence)

Born in Idaho Falls Idaho, Bonneville County, Idaho, on May 20, 1951. Mike and his wife, Susan, have five children.

Education (times and places of schools, colleges, major, degrees, activities, sports)

Crapo received his Juris Doctorate cum laude from Harvard Law School in 1977, and he graduated summa cum laude from Brigham Young University in 1973 with a B.A. in political science.

Profession (professional and work experience outside politics)

Following graduation from law school, Mike served a one-year clerkship with the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals. Mike was a partner in the law firm of Holden, Kidwell, Hahn & Crapo prior to his service in Congress.

Military (branch, years of service, active duty experience, highest rank, medals, honors, type and date of discharge)

None.

Civic (past and present organizations, charities involvement)

Member, Idaho Falls Rotary Club, 1984-1988

Boy Scouts of America

California Bar Association

Idaho Bar Association.

Political (dates and titles of previously held political offices)

Eight years, Idaho State Senate, representing Bonneville County, 1984-1992; Senate President Pro Tem, 1988-1992

Six years, U.S. House of Representatives, Idaho's 2nd District, 1993-1998

United States Senator, Idaho, 1999-present; elected 1998, re-elected 2004

Member of the Senate Budget Committee.

In 2001, Mike became a member of the Senate Agriculture Committee. He is the Chairman on the Subcommittee on Forestry, Conservation, and Rural Revitalization.

Mike was appointed to the Finance Committee.

Mike serves as a Deputy Whip. He is the founder and Co-chair of the Senate Nuclear Cleanup Caucus. He also serves as Co-Chairman of the Western Water Caucus and Co-Chairman of the Sportsmen's Caucus, and in early 2003 he founded the Senate COPD Caucus, reinforcing his role as a champion of men's and women's health issues. During his tenure in the House, he served on House Leadership as New Member Leader and Strategic Planning Leader and as Deputy Whip for the Western Region.

Religion (current and past religious affiliations, beliefs)

Mormon.

Accomplishments (significant accomplishments, awards, achievements)

His public service began well before this at home in Idaho where he served in the Idaho State Senate from 1984 to 1992, and spent his final four years there in the position of Senate President Pro Tempore.

Mike's confident leadership style has been recognized by his colleagues in the United States Senate. Only five years into his first term, he was named a member of the Senate Budget Committee.

In 2001, Mike became a member of the Senate Agriculture Committee. He is the Chairman on the Subcommittee on Forestry, Conservation, and Rural Revitalization.

As a newly-re-elected second term Senator, Mike was appointed to one of the most important committees in the Senate, the Finance Committee. His prior experience on the Budget and Banking Committees and in-depth knowledge of and interest in federal revenue collection provide him with the background he needs to be an effective member of this vital committee.

Mike serves as part of the Senate Leadership team with his appointment as a Deputy Whip. He is the founder and Co-chair of the Senate Nuclear Cleanup Caucus. He also serves as Co-Chairman of the Western Water Caucus and Co-Chairman of the Sportsmen's Caucus, and in early 2003 he founded the Senate COPD Caucus, reinforcing his role as a champion of men's and women's health issues. During his tenure in the House, he served on House Leadership as New Member Leader and Strategic Planning Leader and as Deputy Whip for the Western Region.

Abortion, Stem Cell & Cloning
Abortion, a General Statement

Issues such as protection of unborn children all affect the state of our families.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Business
Small Business

A recent small business concern has been a proposal regarding Association Health Plans (AHP). Legislation to set up AHPs, S. 406, was introduced by Senator Olympia Snowe (R-Maine) on February 16, 2005. This measure would streamline regulations for small businesses that pool their money to buy health insurance through groups called AHPs, and it would exempt the groups from state mandates. S. 406 was referred to the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions.

As a former member of the Senate Small Business Committee, I consider the success of small businesses to be one of my top priorities. As you may know, of the millions of Americans without health insurance, 60 percent work for small employers who cannot afford to offer them coverage. Clearly, something must be done to address this unacceptable situation. At the same time, I recognize the importance of preserving decision-making authority for states.

On April 20, 2005, the Small Business Committee held a hearing on ways for small businesses to provide health care coverage to the uninsured and lower the costs of providing heath care coverage. Various solutions were discussed at the hearing, including AHPs. In addition, hearings were recently held on the subject in the Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee. Please rest assured I will continue to work with my colleagues in Congress to consider all potential solutions to the small business health care crisis.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Banking Practices

In a growing state like Idaho, financial institutions play a vital role in the development of our local economy by facilitating capital formation processes that are so necessary for job creation. Without available credit, companies cannot grow and consequently will not hire additional American workers.

Although I have been pushing for financial regulatory reform long before we had the credit crunch and the credit crisis, I voted against H.R. 4173 in 2010 because it failed to address crucial elements of the crisis. Furthermore, it would restrict access to credit, discourage capital formation, and yet once again create a large, new, expensive government bureaucracy unreasonably extending the federal government's control over the economy.

We need to fix our nation's broken housing finance system and reduce the government's involvement in the housing market from current levels where the GSEs and FHA are guaranteeing about 95% of all new mortgages. At the heart of the 2008 crisis were massive failures in our mortgage underwriting and securitization system. The most expensive government bailouts will be those of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac -- the largest housing lenders that purchased home loans, packaged them into investments and then guaranteed them against default.

Last Congress, I offered an amendment that would have ended the unlimited bailouts of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and provided for a true accounting of the costs. The main goals of GSE reform legislation should be to reestablish a housing finance market that has long-term stability in which private capital is the primary source of mortgage financing and the taxpayer is protected in the event of another housing collapse.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Civil Rights
USA Patriot Act

Idaho Senator Mike Crapo voted today to invoke cloture on debate of the USA PATRIOT and Terrorism Prevention Reauthorization Act of 2005, which would allow the Senate to vote on extending expiring provisions in the law. The Act contains provisions that will expire Dec. 31 unless the Senate approves an extension. Cloture is a Senate procedure requiring 60 votes that allows the Senate to end debate on an issue and move to a vote on the actual bill. Because the cloture vote failed on a vote of 52-47, there will not be a vote on passing the reauthorization measure at this time. Following the vote, Crapo issued the following statement:

"The PATRIOT Act was first enacted to protect Americans against terrorism," said Crapo. "This revised version meets that goal while protecting our privacy and civil liberties. The tools this bill provides are necessary to winning the war on terrorism and keeping that fight off our soil. I have spent many hours reviewing and discussing this legislation and ultimately made the decision to support the bill. Because I respect the many Idahoans who have taken the time and effort to share their objections with me, I want to take this opportunity to explain why I came to my decision."

"I voted for the PATRIOT Act in 2001, which overwhelmingly passed both houses of Congress. In 2003, I joined with the Idaho Congressional delegation to sponsor the original SAFE Act with the goal to refine--not reject--the PATRIOT Act."

"Today I supported this reauthorization measure because it contains many of the refinements from the original SAFE Act. It maintains the necessary tools for intelligence and law enforcement, but it enacts important safeguards to prevent these tools from being used for unintended purposes. After discussing the operational results of the Act with Attorney General Gonzales and others and reviewing the oversight work performed by the Judiciary Committee, it is clear there are no documented cases of infringement on the civil lib [Response was truncated to maximum response length of 2000 characters.]

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Courts, Laws & Justice
Courts, a General Statement

In the wake of numerous controversial court decisions at the District, Appellate and Supreme Court levels, many Americans have become disillusioned with our current judicial system.

Many Idahoans have expressed concerns to me about unelected judges legislating from the federal bench. In the past, I have voted against the confirmation of nominees who have supported an activist role for the federal judiciary. I will continue to examine the records of all nominees, and will oppose any nominee whose philosophy runs counter to the Constitutional role of the judicial branch.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Activist Judges Legislating from the Bench

In the wake of numerous controversial court decisions at the District, Appellate and Supreme Court levels, many Americans have become disillusioned with our current judicial system.

Many Idahoans have expressed concerns to me about unelected judges legislating from the federal bench. In the past, I have voted against the confirmation of nominees who have supported an activist role for the federal judiciary. I will continue to examine the records of all nominees, and will oppose any nominee whose philosophy runs counter to the Constitutional role of the judicial branch.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Supreme Court

On September 12th, Senate hearings to consider John G. Roberts, Jr., for Chief Justice began. As history demonstrates, this deliberation is profoundly relevant to our nation's future. The sovereignty of states' rights are paramount to the preservation of individual liberties and private property. Judge Roberts' opening statement reveals his view on the role of the Judiciary: "Judges and justices are servants of the law, not the other way around. Judges are like umpires. Umpires don't make the rules; they apply them." I'm confident that Judge Roberts has the experience and ability to faithfully interpret our Constitution, preserving the rights that we Idahoans hold dear.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Crime
Crime, a General Statement

All Americans should be treated with the dignity and respect they deserve. As a basic principle, any person convicted of injuring another individual should be punished to the highest extent of the law. This should be applied equally and without regard to race, religion or sexual orientation. This is the guiding principle established in our Constitution, one that helped frame much of what is covered in that document.

In the wake of numerous controversial court decisions at the District, Appellate and Supreme Court levels, many Americans have become disillusioned with our current judicial system.

Many Idahoans have expressed concerns to me about unelected judges legislating from the federal bench. In the past, I have voted against the confirmation of nominees who have supported an activist role for the federal judiciary. I will continue to examine the records of all nominees, and will oppose any nominee whose philosophy runs counter to the Constitutional role of the judicial branch.

We have seen an explosion in the availability of illegal drugs and criminal activity in many parts of the country. We want our families to live in safe communities, attend schools where violence and illegal drugs have no place and patronize businesses that adhere to a code of ethics. It is equally important that homes be safe havens. Americans must have faith in their judicial system and those who work within it. Throughout my service in Congress, I have worked for laws that will protect our families and communities, enforce equal protection under the law and provide a society that will fulfill the loyalty and love of country spoken about by James Madison.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Domestic Violence

Issues such as family and dating violence intervention, awareness and prevention affect the state of our families. We must stand guard against destructive behavior and policies that threaten to harm our families and our children, and we must support healthy, morally-sound relationships, free from physical and emotional abuse and drug abuse.

Having led efforts to raise awareness of teen dating violence and established the first full week in February as National Teen Dating Violence Prevention Week in 2005, I continue to be actively involved in generating public awareness about family and dating violence. I will continue to promote legislation and initiatives that help victims stand against some of the most difficult problems facing families today, and help victims' advocates promote awareness and education about how to move beyond tragedy to healing.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Crimes Against Children

Issues such as family and dating violence intervention, awareness and prevention; child predators--online or in person; all affect the state of our families.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Economy
Economy, a General Statement

Our country's economy is a living, changeable thing, and it requires that we each find that economic path that works best for us and our communities. When Alexander Hamilton, in the above quote, speaks about finding our "proper element," it brings to my mind the importance of providing the proper framework from the federal government so that each American can do just that. Our economic well-being is dependent upon many factors: tax rates, international trade and federal budget goals and realities. As I approach each facet, I do so with a commonsense approach that keeps as a priority the fact that it's your hard-earned money that the federal government is taxing, taking and spending. As a member of the Senate Budget Committee, I have the opportunity to represent the commonsense fiscal discipline that Idahoans expect.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Education
School Safety

We have seen an explosion in the availability of illegal drugs and criminal activity in many parts of the country. We want our families to live in safe communities, attend schools where violence and illegal drugs have no place and patronize businesses that adhere to a code of ethics.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Federal Funding of Private Schools

Impact Aid

Since 1950, Congress has provided financial assistance to federally impacted school districts through the Impact Aid Program. The federal government plays a vital role in ensuring that all students receive a quality education. Working closely with state and local governments, the Impact Aid program is able to serve approximately 1.6 million federally-connected students. In Idaho, Impact Aid provides assistance to thirty-five districts and, last year, allocated over $5.3 million through the program.

I recognize the importance of Impact Aid funding for Idaho. In past congresses I have introduced legislation to strengthen federal Impact Aid by increasing per-student compensation for off-base military children and civilian dependant children. As a member of the Senate Impact Aid Coalition, I will continue to vote to increase funding for federally impacted schools.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Head Start

The federal government can provide resources, research, incentives and direct support for needed educational objectives. Programs like Headstart are just a few of the important successes we have achieved in this arena.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Improving Education

In Congress, I have consistently worked to enact laws that achieve increased support for public education and preserve decision-making authority for states, local communities and especially local school boards. It is important that we provide a strong foundation for education, as is referenced in the above quote. However, there is a proper role for federal support of education.

The federal government can provide resources, research, incentives and direct support for needed educational objectives. Programs like Headstart, IDEA, Impact Aid, EPSCoR, vocational-technical education and child nutrition programs are just a few of the important successes we have achieved in this arena.

I will continue to be a strong advocate of these and other programs that solve problems and produce results for communities in Idaho and throughout our nation.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Drugs in Schools

We have seen an explosion in the availability of illegal drugs and criminal activity in many parts of the country. We want our families to live in safe communities, attend schools where violence and illegal drugs have no place and patronize businesses that adhere to a code of ethics.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Local Control Over Education

In Congress, I have consistently worked to enact laws that achieve increased support for public education and preserve decision-making authority for states, local communities and especially local school boards. It is important that we provide a strong foundation for education, as is referenced in the above quote. However, there is a proper role for federal support of education.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Art and Music

The arts play a vital role in improving the quality of cultural and educational life for everyone in America.

Art opens one sense to the perceptivity of another - a transformative experience that touches the soul. Those in our communities who use their creativity and encourage others to pursue creative expression contribute to our society and lives in ways for which credit is rarely or adequately given.

I support the arts and have been very proud of the work done in Idaho to expand the education and appreciation of the multiple and varied art forms practiced across the state. I will continue to work to ensure funding for the arts in Idaho.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Public Schools K-12

In Congress, I have consistently worked to enact laws that achieve increased support for public education and preserve decision-making authority for states, local communities and especially local school boards. It is important that we provide a strong foundation for education, as is referenced in the above quote. However, there is a proper role for federal support of education.

The federal government can provide resources, research, incentives and direct support for needed educational objectives. Programs like Headstart, IDEA, Impact Aid, EPSCoR, vocational-technical education and child nutrition programs are just a few of the important successes we have achieved in this arena.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Adult Education

The federal government can provide resources, research, incentives and direct support for needed educational objectives. Programs like vocational-technical education are just a few of the important successes we have achieved in this arena.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Student Loans, Scholarships and Pell Grants

As the cost of college tuition continues to rise, it is becoming increasingly difficult for families to pay for these expenses. In order to meet the needs of a competitive job market, the importance of providing youth with the opportunity to enhance their education has grown tremendously.

The maximum Pell grant has increased from $3,000 in 1998 to $4,050 in the Senate-passed version of the fiscal year (FY) 2004 Department of Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations bill. This is a 35 percent increase in just five years. In addition, President Bush has proposed increasing the maximum grant by $500 over the next five years.

In addition, each year the federal government issues over $30 billion in student loans. Congress works with bank lenders, guarantors, students, parents, and college administration officers to make the loan program more effective, efficient, and accessible to students. In addition to loans, millions of dollars in educational grants and scholarships are awarded to students throughout the country.

I will continue to work in a fiscally responsible manner to ensure educational programs receive the funding they need to best serve Idaho's students.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Education, a General Statement

In Congress, I have consistently worked to enact laws that achieve increased support for public education and preserve decision-making authority for states, local communities and especially local school boards. It is important that we provide a strong foundation for education, as is referenced in the above quote. However, there is a proper role for federal support of education.

The federal government can provide resources, research, incentives and direct support for needed educational objectives. Programs like Headstart, IDEA, Impact Aid, EPSCoR, vocational-technical education and child nutrition programs are just a few of the important successes we have achieved in this arena.

I will continue to be a strong advocate of these and other programs that solve problems and produce results for communities in Idaho and throughout our nation.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

No Child Left Behind Act, a General Statement

On January 8, 2002, President Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind Act. This law reflects the President's initiative to reform the nation's elementary and secondary education practices.

Although NCLB contains important consolidations of overlapping programs and significant expansion of the federal financial commitment to public education, it does not sufficiently recognize state and local autonomy. The accountability provisions in NCLB place the federal government in a position to dominate policy and curriculum management in our public schools. The federal government should not gravitate toward the role of being a national school board supervising our local schools. As always, I remain opposed to one-size-fits-all national solutions to local issues, including education. State and local officials know what is best for their students and community, and it is the federal government's job to listen to that advice and act on it.

I know serious concerns remain in the education community about NCLB, and I support efforts to make meaningful, effective changes to it. I continue to work both legislatively and administratively to significantly increase the flexibility for states and local school districts under NCLB. I support the four reforms identified in Senate Joint Memorial No. 108 recently passed by the Idaho State Legislature. The first would allow determinations of "adequate yearly progress" to be made based on individual student growth from one year to the next. This is a common sense approach to ensuring each child is learning, while acknowledging that, while every child can learn, not every child learns at the same pace or in the same way. The second would limit options for choice and supplementary services to targeted subgroups of students who fail to achieve adequate yearly progress rather than to all children in a school. Next, states must be permitted latitude to identify failing schools for two consecutive years in the same subgroup and for the s [Response was truncated to maximum response length of 2000 characters.]

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Energy, Gas, Oil & Autos
Renewable Energy, Solar, Biomass and Wind

It's important that we have diverse energy sources, not just the traditional fossil fuels--oil, petroleum,natural gas; but hydropower, nuclear, solar, wind, geothermal and other renewable and alternative energies should be part of that energy mix. Conservation is also a very important part of a national energy policy. Idaho has had a presence in energy research and development for many years. As a member of the Senate Renewables and Energy Efficiency Caucus, I am part of an effort to increase awareness of the various forms of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies available.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Energy, a General Statement

Our economy and way of life depend on reliable sources of energy. It gets us from place to place, makes us comfortable at home or work, moves goods and products throughout our vast nation and is, in large part, one of the pillars of the quality of life that we enjoy. It's important that we have diverse energy sources, not just the traditional fossil fuels--oil, petroleum,natural gas; but hydropower, nuclear, solar, wind, geothermal and other renewable and alternative energies should be part of that energy mix. Conservation is also a very important part of a national energy policy. Idaho has had a presence in energy research and development for many years. In fact, the world's first usable electricity from nuclear energy was generated at the Idaho National Laboratory. This is just one example of many that reveals Idaho's active involvement in seeking out ways to advance our nation's energy security.

In my work in the Senate, I consistently seek out opportunities to promote a national energy policy that will lead us to less dependence on foreign sources. As a member of the Senate Renewables and Energy Efficiency Caucus, I am part of an effort to increase awareness of the various forms of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies available.

As we enter a new era in technology, I will continue to support programs that expand and improve our nation's energy portfolio.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Domestic Energy Production

It's important that we have diverse energy sources, not just the traditional fossil fuels--oil, petroleum,natural gas; but hydropower, nuclear, solar, wind, geothermal and other renewable and alternative energies should be part of that energy mix. Conservation is also a very important part of a national energy policy. Idaho has had a presence in energy research and development for many years. In fact, the world's first usable electricity from nuclear energy was generated at the Idaho National Laboratory. This is just one example of many that reveals Idaho's active involvement in seeking out ways to advance our nation's energy security.

In my work in the Senate, I consistently seek out opportunities to promote a national energy policy that will lead us to less dependence on foreign sources. As a member of the Senate Renewables and Energy Efficiency Caucus, I am part of an effort to increase awareness of the various forms of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies available.

As we enter a new era in technology, I will continue to support programs that expand and improve our nation's energy portfolio.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Energy Independence from Foreign Oil

In my work in the Senate, I consistently seek out opportunities to promote a national energy policy that will lead us to less dependence on foreign sources. As a member of the Senate Renewables and Energy Efficiency Caucus, I am part of an effort to increase awareness of the various forms of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies available.

As we enter a new era in technology, I will continue to support programs that expand and improve our nation's energy portfolio.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Energy Research and Development

Our economy and way of life depend on reliable sources of energy. It gets us from place to place, makes us comfortable at home or work, moves goods and products throughout our vast nation and is, in large part, one of the pillars of the quality of life that we enjoy. It's important that we have diverse energy sources, not just the traditional fossil fuels--oil, petroleum,natural gas; but hydropower, nuclear, solar, wind, geothermal and other renewable and alternative energies should be part of that energy mix. Conservation is also a very important part of a national energy policy. Idaho has had a presence in energy research and development for many years. In fact, the world's first usable electricity from nuclear energy was generated at the Idaho National Laboratory. This is just one example of many that reveals Idaho's active involvement in seeking out ways to advance our nation's energy security. As a member of the Senate Renewables and Energy Efficiency Caucus, I am part of an effort to increase awareness of the various forms of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies available. As we enter a new era in technology, I will continue to support programs that expand and improve our nation's energy portfolio.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Nuclear Power

Idaho has had a presence in energy research and development for many years. In fact, the world's first usable electricity from nuclear energy was generated at the Idaho National Laboratory. This is just one example of many that reveals Idaho's active involvement in seeking out ways to advance our nation's energy security.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Solar Energy Investment Tax Credit Bill

Last fall, I wrote that the United States needed to find cost-effective ways to access and exploit diverse energy sources while promoting energy conservation by individuals and industry. At that time we were facing exorbitant gasoline prices and climbing natural gas prices. In nine months, the situation has only worsened. And as I noted then, this crisis reveals a growing divide between supply and demand that threatens to become a chasm of failed energy policy. Congress has come to the brink on this topic for a few years now, foundering every year in lost momentum and partisanship. Finally, the months of debate, compromise and problem-solving have paid off. On Monday, August 8, President Bush signed a comprehensive, hard-won energy bill into law. This legislation sets into motion a chain of activities that will start us on the path toward energy independence. The new set of laws affects every aspect of energy from production and consumption to disposal and conservation. Broad-reaching elements of the law include expansion of gas and oil production and the first-ever inventory of offshore oil and gas resources. There are tax incentives for renewable energy as well as incentives for energy efficiency and conservation. Communities across Idaho will gain from tax credits for the production of hydro, geothermal, solar and nuclear power. The new laws encourage homeowners and builders to conserve energy by providing tax credits for energy efficiency in homes, commercial buildings and appliances. Consumers will directly benefit from cost savings gained through tax credits for electricity transmission and reliability. As industry improves its infrastructure for transmission and reliability, the cost savings are passed on to power users. We consumers are encouraged to do our part in contributing to reductions in vehicle emissions as well. The new law contains extensions of tax credits for fuel efficient vehicles and use of renewable fuels. One area of interest to Idaho is cle [Response was truncated to maximum response length of 2000 characters.]

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Environment
National Forests and Healthy Forests Initiative

We also look ahead as projects under the Healthy Forests Restoration Act (HFRA) become more widespread, and the longer-term effects of forest fire mitigation efforts result in fewer devastating fires in Idaho. In July, I wrote of ongoing HFRA projects which benefit Idaho's people, land, water and wildlife. These include prescribed burns, fuels reduction work, community education, protection and recovery efforts including those utilizing students, habitat rehabilitation and improvement, formation of collaborative working groups to assess the viability and success of fire mitigation, rural fire assistance, stewardship contracts that bring together public, private, local, regional and national participants, and long-term forest management plans. The multi-faceted approach to the national problem of wild land fire brings expertise and resources from all levels of government and the private sector together for solutions, while creating vital economic opportunities at the local level.

Although we are emerging from a difficult fire season this year, positive, proactive forest management is bringing safety and conservation to Idaho's forests. As the cooling rain and temperatures of fall arrive, it's important to utilize the federal forest management tools that are proving successful. The Healthy Forests Restoration Act incorporates many of these tools and will bring relief from the destruction and devastation of wild land fire in years to come.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Land, Rivers and Lakes

We in Idaho are proud of our natural resources and land. I continue to support legislation that protects our environment for future generations, while respecting the rights of property owners and balancing the needs of the community. Conservation and progress do not need to be at odds. President Roosevelt had it exactly right--we must be careful with what we do with our environment as it will last far beyond our lifespans and become part of what we leave for our children and future generations.

Through a common sense approach of collaboration and cooperation, we can achieve workable solutions to some of the most challenging issues involving our land, environment and natural resources.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Endangered Species

For years now, landowners, environmentalists and state and federal agencies responsible for implementation and enforcement of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) have been working to improve the Act. The status quo is not producing the best possible outcome for species or people. And although stakeholders continue to advocate for meaningful improvements, the stalemate goes on. In the meantime, the survival of one species after another, and one ranch or farm after another is called into question. The time to take action is now, in 2006. With the firm goal of moving forward on ESA recovery, Senator Blanche Lincoln (D-Arkansas) and I introduced the bipartisan Collaboration for the Recovery of the Endangered Species Act (CRESA) in December. CRESA translates the tried and true language of consensus-based species recovery into legislation intended to gain enough support to pass the United States Senate this year.

We have the responsibility and privilege to be good stewards of our natural resources. The integrity of our resource system safeguards our precious ecosystem. At the same time, these resources are essential to our economy. Solutions that develop conservation strategies good for species and landowners (who shoulder much of the responsibility for species management) are essential and completely possible. We can better respect property rights and improve species recovery--we know this because it's already happening.

CRESA codifies the innovative collaborative species management occurring nationwide, giving these success stories the foundation of law. Current regulatory climate limits creativity and discourages landowners-- participation in the process and species suffer as a result. Landowners must have a meaningful role in determining how to conserve threatened and endangered species. An effective way to encourage landowner participation is to offer reasonable conservation methods that bring tangible benefits to species and the communities involved.

Specific f [Response was truncated to maximum response length of 2000 characters.]

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Environment, a General Statement

We in Idaho are proud of our natural resources and land. I continue to support legislation that protects our environment for future generations, while respecting the rights of property owners and balancing the needs of the community. Conservation and progress do not need to be at odds. President Roosevelt had it exactly right--we must be careful with what we do with our environment as it will last far beyond our lifespans and become part of what we leave for our children and future generations.

Through a common sense approach of collaboration and cooperation, we can achieve workable solutions to some of the most challenging issues involving our land, environment and natural resources.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Values, Religion & Family
Media Violence and Sex

The content of broadcast programming and decency standards for broadcast television and radio has gotten a lot of attention in recent months. It is clear that the amount of unsuitable, violent, and adult-oriented programming on the air has increased in recent years. Congress has worked on legislation that would increase the penalties for indecency, prohibit the broadcast of certain words and phrases, and express disapproval of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Enforcement Bureau's decisions regarding recent broadcasts.

H.R. 310, the Broadcast Decency Enforcement Act, was introduced by Representative Fred Upton (R-Michigan) in January of 2005. This measure aims to increase the penalties for violations by television and radio broadcasters of the prohibitions against transmission of obscene, indecent, and profane material. This bill was passed by the House and now waits to be assigned to a committee in the Senate. I will continue to monitor the legislation and look forward to seeing the recommendations of the committee it is assigned to.

Clearly, while programmers and performers are responsible for the material they broadcast, parents retain the ultimate responsibility over which programs are viewed and listened to by their children. As such, I also support the conclusion reached by many that if people would turn off violent and inappropriate programs in their homes, the networks would get the message that their viewers want a change in what is broadcast.

In the meantime, I will continue to closely follow pending legislation and the FCC's efforts in this area. Although I am not a member of the Senate Commerce Committee, which has jurisdiction over these matters, please rest assured I will support any appropriate oversight investigations and appropriate legislation concerning these matters.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Family, a General Statement

A strong family unit is the bedrock of a healthy society. Many of the important issues facing American families today are the subject of legislation being addressed in Congress. Issues such as family and dating violence intervention, awareness and prevention; child predators--online or in person; methamphetamine and other illicit drug abuse awareness and prevention; protection of unborn children; and, preservation of marriage all affect the state of our families. We must stand guard against destructive behavior and policies that threaten to harm our families and our children, and we must support healthy, morally-sound relationships, free from physical and emotional abuse and drug abuse.

Having led efforts to raise awareness of teen dating violence and established the first full week in February as National Teen Dating Violence Prevention Week in 2005, I continue to be actively involved in generating public awareness about family and dating violence. I will continue to promote legislation and initiatives that help victims stand against some of the most difficult problems facing families today, and help victims' advocates promote awareness and education about how to move beyond tragedy to healing.

We want our families to live in safe communities, attend schools where violence and illegal drugs have no place and patronize businesses that adhere to a code of ethics. It is equally important that homes be safe havens. Americans must have faith in their judicial system and those who work within it. Throughout my service in Congress, I have worked for laws that will protect our families and communities, enforce equal protection under the law and provide a society that will fulfill the loyalty and love of country spoken about by James Madison.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Financial Crisis
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

The most expensive government bailouts will be those of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac -- the largest housing lenders that purchased home loans, packaged them into investments and then guaranteed them against default.

Last Congress, I offered an amendment that would have ended the unlimited bailouts of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and provided for a true accounting of the costs. Although my amendment received a majority of votes, it failed because the procedural vote needed 60 votes to pass. The main goals of GSE reform legislation should be to reestablish a housing finance market that has long-term stability in which private capital is the primary source of mortgage financing and the taxpayer is protected in the event of another housing collapse.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Financial Crisis, a General Statement

In a growing state like Idaho, financial institutions play a vital role in the development of our local economy by facilitating capital formation processes that are so necessary for job creation. Without available credit, companies cannot grow and consequently will not hire additional American workers.

Although I have been pushing for financial regulatory reform long before we had the credit crunch and the credit crisis, I voted against H.R. 4173 in 2010 because it failed to address crucial elements of the crisis. Furthermore, it would restrict access to credit, discourage capital formation, and yet once again create a large, new, expensive government bureaucracy unreasonably extending the federal government's control over the economy.

We need to fix our nation's broken housing finance system and reduce the government's involvement in the housing market from current levels where the GSEs and FHA are guaranteeing about 95% of all new mortgages. At the heart of the 2008 crisis were massive failures in our mortgage underwriting and securitization system. The most expensive government bailouts will be those of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac -- the largest housing lenders that purchased home loans, packaged them into investments and then guaranteed them against default.

Last Congress, I offered an amendment that would have ended the unlimited bailouts of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and provided for a true accounting of the costs. The main goals of GSE reform legislation should be to reestablish a housing finance market that has long-term stability in which private capital is the primary source of mortgage financing and the taxpayer is protected in the event of another housing collapse.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Financial Industry Regulation

In a growing state like Idaho, financial institutions play a vital role in the development of our local economy by facilitating capital formation processes that are so necessary for job creation. Without available credit, companies cannot grow and consequently will not hire additional American workers.

As a member of the Senate Banking Committee, I will continue to push for reforms that modernize and rationalize the federal financial regulatory system to handle the challenges of the 21st century markets, while protecting consumers and taxpayers against the risks that caused our recent economic collapse.

Although I have been pushing for financial regulatory reform long before we had the credit crunch and the credit crisis, I voted against H.R. 4173 in 2010 because it failed to address crucial elements of the crisis. Furthermore, it would restrict access to credit, discourage capital formation, and yet once again create a large, new, expensive government bureaucracy unreasonably extending the federal government's control over the economy -- hurting Main Street, not Wall Street.

We need to fix our nation's broken housing finance system and reduce the government's involvement in the housing market from current levels where the GSEs and FHA are guaranteeing about 95% of all new mortgages. At the heart of the 2008 crisis were massive failures in our mortgage underwriting and securitization system. The most expensive government bailouts will be those of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac -- the largest housing lenders that purchased home loans, packaged them into investments and then guaranteed them against default.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Federal Budget & Fiscal Policy
Federal Budget & Debt

The federal government should exercise fiscal responsibility in carrying out its budget. As a member of the Senate Budget Committee, I strongly support reigning in federal spending and taking decisive steps to reduce the national debt. That's one reason I find the quote from Adam Smith to be so pertinent; the federal government simply must control spending and use federal tax dollars in an appropriate manner.

I will continue to work with my colleagues in the Senate to ensure greater accountability in the budget and appropriations process. With the pending retirement of the baby boomer generation, strains on the budget will only continue. We must seek ways to save now - by investing in the programs that work and by addressing those that do not. Savings now could make all the difference in the years to come.

As I review the budget each year with my colleagues in the Budget Committee, I will be sure to keep these priorities in mind.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Deficit Spending

Our country simply must commit to a cost-effective federal budget and the need to eliminate wasteful spending. Since my election to Congress in 1992, I have been fighting to reduce federal spending and the public debt. I am committed to reversing the federal deficit and returning our country to its recent fiscal prosperity. When necessary, Congress must balance that with the need of spending emergencies such as natural disasters and war. It should do so responsibly and with restraint. Such events should not serve to open the floodgates for unrelated and unnecessary spending. I will continue to work with my colleagues in Congress to practice the fiscal discipline necessary to ensure that we will not be harmed economically because of wasteful spending.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Fiscal Policy, a General Statement

The federal government should exercise fiscal responsibility in carrying out its budget. As a member of the Senate Budget Committee, I strongly support reigning in federal spending and taking decisive steps to reduce the national debt. That's one reason I find the quote from Adam Smith to be so pertinent; the federal government simply must control spending and use federal tax dollars in an appropriate manner.

I will continue to work with my colleagues in the Senate to ensure greater accountability in the budget and appropriations process. With the pending retirement of the baby boomer generation, strains on the budget will only continue. We must seek ways to save now - by investing in the programs that work and by addressing those that do not. Savings now could make all the difference in the years to come.

As I review the budget each year with my colleagues in the Budget Committee, I will be sure to keep these priorities in mind.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Spending Limits

Our country simply must commit to a cost-effective federal budget and the need to eliminate wasteful spending. Since my election to Congress in 1992, I have been fighting to reduce federal spending and the public debt. I am committed to reversing the federal deficit and returning our country to its recent fiscal prosperity. When necessary, Congress must balance that with the need of spending emergencies such as natural disasters and war. It should do so responsibly and with restraint. Such events should not serve to open the floodgates for unrelated and unnecessary spending. I will continue to work with my colleagues in Congress to practice the fiscal discipline necessary to ensure that we will not be harmed economically because of wasteful spending.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Food & Agriculture
Farm Bill

Because agriculture is so important to Idaho communities and history, I served as a member of the Senate Agriculture Committee during the reauthorization of the 2008 Farm Bill.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Agriculture, a General Statement

With Idaho farmers and ranchers producing more than 140 commodities statewide, Idaho has a diversified and abundant agriculture industry that contributes significantly to Idaho's economy. Webster's statement above is clearly indicative of the role that agriculture has played in Idaho's history. Because agriculture is so important to Idaho communities and history, I served as a member of the Senate Agriculture Committee during the reauthorization of the 2008 Farm Bill.

I served as the Ranking Member on the Subcommittee on Rural Revitalization, Conservation, Forestry and Credit, which has jurisdiction over a number of issues important to Idaho, including rural development and electrification, agricultural credit, crop insurance, forestry, and soil conservation. I was also a member of the Subcommittee on Nutrition and Food Assistance, Sustainable and Organic Agriculture, and General Legislation; and the Subcommittee on Domestic and Foreign Marketing, Inspection, and Plant and Animal Health.

I support fair trade and have confidence in the ability of U.S. agriculture, business, and industry to compete in global markets that provide increased access, reduced tariffs, and reduced non-tariff barriers. As the U.S. pursues multilateral and bilateral free trade agreements, our trade agreements should achieve mutually-beneficial trade.

.At the beginning of my second term in the Senate, I was appointed to the Senate Finance Committee, which has jurisdiction over reciprocal trade agreements. As the Committee and Congress consider trade agreements, I will continue to work to ensure that we gain strong achievements for agriculture through our trade agreements.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Foreign Policy
Dubai Ports Administration Purchase

The proposed purchase of the operation of container terminals at six major U.S. ports by a company headquartered in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) highlights the tension between healthy foreign relations and secure borders. Since 1988, the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS), has evaluated certain foreign purchases of U.S. firms for national security implications. Comprised of representatives from 12 different federal departments and agencies, it conducts a 30-day review on the transaction in question with an additional 45-day review option. In these times of terrorism and the reality of globalization, our national security demands exhaustive examinations of any potential threats, no matter what the source. This is one of those times. Our seaports represent significant danger points and the additional 45-day review that has now been ordered is warranted. More importantly, Congress is conducting extensive fact-finding on this issue during hearings this month. Government systems should be reviewed periodically for efficacy. Last year, the Senate Banking Committee on which I serve held a two-part hearing on CFIUS. At the same time, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) issued a report on CFIUS, highlighting serious concerns: -CFIUS defines national security differently than Homeland Security or Defense; -Reports to Congress about cases under review are not standard practice; -Because of the possible negative effect on foreign investment, CFIUS has been hesitant to initiate investigations. The Banking Committee held a hearing on March 2 to address these issues and legislation is planned for later this year to reform CFIUS. This and other hearings on the subject are for the explicit purpose of gathering all the facts about both this proposed sale and of CFIUS. That is the responsibility of Congress to American citizens, and one it will uphold. Idaho are keenly aware of the importance of positive relations with foreign countries—provided thos [Response was truncated to maximum response length of 2000 characters.]

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Gay & Lesbian
Gay Marriage

Issues such as preservation of marriage all affect the state of our families.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Health & Medical
Children's Health

Child Nutrition

As a father of five, I understand the positive effects that good nutrition has in helping a child develop and remain alert throughout the course of a school day. The Child Nutrition Act, originally passed by Congress in 1966, authorizes a number of programs including the National School Lunch Program.

S. 2507, the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004, was passed by the Senate on June 23, 2004, and signed into law by President Bush on June 30, 2004. As a member of the Senate Agriculture Committee, I am pleased to have contributed to the creation of this law intended to end hunger for low-income children throughout the nation. I will work to ensure child nutrition programs receive the funding they deserve, so that Idaho children will continue to benefit.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Disease Prevention

Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Improving Health & Medical Care

Ensuring access to effective and affordable health care is one of the greatest challenges facing the health profession, insurers, and local, state and federal governments. The burden that high insurance and medical costs places on working families and seniors with fixed incomes needs to be addressed. In the 110th Congress, we must take steps to make health care more affordable, cover the uninsured and strengthen the safety net for those who fall through the cracks.

As a cancer survivor, I know how important affordable, quality care is to Idaho families. Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness, modernizing federal tax rules for health coverage, encouraging states to design health solutions for their citizens, and improving access to information on the price and quality of health services. While the government can play a role in providing and regulating health care, ultimately both consumers and providers should be free from excessive government interference with their health care choices. Instead of giving the government more power over health care, individual patients must be given more control, choice, and information to make their health care decisions. When individual patients have these choices, they will reward innovative providers and insurers who reduce costs and improve quality.

Promoting quality care for all citizens must remain a priority of the 110th Congress. Please know that I will continue to work with my Senate colleagues to reform our system of health care so that all Idahoans can receive the care they need.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Health & Medical Care, a General Statement

Ensuring access to effective and affordable health care is one of the greatest challenges facing the health profession, insurers, and local, state and federal governments. The burden that high insurance and medical costs places on working families and seniors with fixed incomes needs to be addressed. In the 110th Congress, we must take steps to make health care more affordable, cover the uninsured and strengthen the safety net for those who fall through the cracks.

As a cancer survivor, I know how important affordable, quality care is to Idaho families. Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness, modernizing federal tax rules for health coverage, encouraging states to design health solutions for their citizens, and improving access to information on the price and quality of health services. While the government can play a role in providing and regulating health care, ultimately both consumers and providers should be free from excessive government interference with their health care choices. Instead of giving the government more power over health care, individual patients must be given more control, choice, and information to make their health care decisions. When individual patients have these choices, they will reward innovative providers and insurers who reduce costs and improve quality.

Promoting quality care for all citizens must remain a priority of the 110th Congress. Please know that I will continue to work with my Senate colleagues to reform our system of health care so that all Idahoans can receive the care they need.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Elderly's Health

I recognize and am concerned about the financial and emotional strain that long-term care places on families. The number of elderly Americans is steadily rising. As our nation's elderly population increases, chronic illnesses will also rise. The increase of Americans with chronic illnesses will elevate the need for long-term care. Congress will continue to explore options that make this care possible without bankrupting families. As the Senate addresses this issue, I will work to ensure that long-term care is within reach of all citizens that require it.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

National Security & Terrorism
Making Our Homeland More Secure

Counterterrorism also requires close coordination between intelligence and law enforcement agencies. Through the Homeland Security Act, Congress reorganized many agencies charged with related responsibilities into a single, unified cabinet-level department. The most significant transformation of the U.S. government in over half a century, the Department of Homeland Security combines parts of eighty-eight agencies with the primary mission to protect the American homeland.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

USA Patriot Act

The USA PATRIOT Act was enacted to remove previously existing statutory barriers between various law enforcement organizations. Initiatives to starve terrorists and states that sponsor terrorism of financing remain long-term strategic goals of U.S. foreign policy. An overarching goal of U.S. counterterrorism policy since the September 11, 2001, attacks has been to expose, disrupt and incapacitate the financial networks of terrorist groups. A key instrument in this effort was Presidential Executive Order 13224, which blocked "all property and interests in property" of certain designated terrorists and individuals and entities materially supporting them.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

Counterterrorism requires close coordination between intelligence and law enforcement agencies. Through the Homeland Security Act, Congress reorganized many agencies charged with related responsibilities into a single, unified cabinet-level department. The most significant transformation of the U.S. government in over half a century, the Department of Homeland Security combines parts of eighty-eight agencies with the primary mission to protect the American homeland.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Homeland Security, a General Statement

It is a primary responsibility of Congress to protect Americans from threats to our national security. The events of September 11, 2001, heightened our national awareness of the external threats our nation and our democratic values face. In an increasingly interconnected world, we must be vigilant, boldly meeting this challenge on every front. The war on terrorism is a new kind of war, requiring a wide range of policy tools in order to achieve victories and prevent terror attacks on U.S. soil. Ideally, we need to employ the multiple, influential tools of statecraft we have at our disposal: economic, military and covert operations, diplomatic, educational, cultural, humanitarian and moral.

Simply stated, we must:

* Use all available financial tools to disrupt and seize terrorist funding;

* Engage in intensive public diplomacy to trumpet the importance of democracy and human rights;

* Use our intelligence agencies effectively and continue to improve the quality of our intelligence;

* Use and develop technology to defend our skies, borders and citizens;

* Work with foreign states to combat hotspots of hatred and promote tolerance;

* Work with our allies whenever possible to meet shared security challenges;

* Strive to keep confrontations between the terrorists and Americans far from American soil.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Domestic Intelligence Agencies

One of the first challenges highlighted by the 2001 terrorist attacks was the need to improve intelligence collection and analysis. Congress took steps in enacting the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act, which sought to upgrade our nation's counterterrorism initiatives. It created the coordinating office of the Director of National Intelligence.

Counterterrorism requires close coordination between intelligence and law enforcement agencies. Through the Homeland Security Act, Congress reorganized many agencies charged with related responsibilities into a single, unified cabinet-level department. The most significant transformation of the U.S. government in over half a century, the Department of Homeland Security combines parts of eighty-eight agencies with the primary mission to protect the American homeland.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Intelligence

One of the first challenges highlighted by the 2001 terrorist attacks was the need to improve intelligence collection and analysis. Congress took steps in enacting the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act, which sought to upgrade our nation's counterterrorism initiatives. It created the coordinating office of the Director of National Intelligence.

Counterterrorism requires close coordination between intelligence and law enforcement agencies. Through the Homeland Security Act, Congress reorganized many agencies charged with related responsibilities into a single, unified cabinet-level department. The most significant transformation of the U.S. government in over half a century, the Department of Homeland Security combines parts of eighty-eight agencies with the primary mission to protect the American homeland.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

War on Terror, a General Statement

It is a primary responsibility of Congress to protect Americans from threats to our national security. The events of September 11, 2001, heightened our national awareness of the external threats our nation and our democratic values face. In an increasingly interconnected world, we must be vigilant, boldly meeting this challenge on every front. The war on terrorism is a new kind of war, requiring a wide range of policy tools in order to achieve victories and prevent terror attacks on U.S. soil. Ideally, we need to employ the multiple, influential tools of statecraft we have at our disposal: economic, military and covert operations, diplomatic, educational, cultural, humanitarian and moral.

Simply stated, we must:

* Use all available financial tools to disrupt and seize terrorist funding;

* Engage in intensive public diplomacy to trumpet the importance of democracy and human rights;

* Use our intelligence agencies effectively and continue to improve the quality of our intelligence;

* Use and develop technology to defend our skies, borders and citizens;

* Work with foreign states to combat hotspots of hatred and promote tolerance;

* Work with our allies whenever possible to meet shared security challenges;

* Strive to keep confrontations between the terrorists and Americans far from American soil.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Illegal Drugs & Marijuana
Illegal Drugs, a General Statement

We have seen an explosion in the availability of illegal drugs and criminal activity in many parts of the country. We want our families to live in safe communities, attend schools where violence and illegal drugs have no place and patronize businesses that adhere to a code of ethics.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Metamphetamines

Meth is incredibly dangerous. Addictive after the first experience, the high is never as strong as the first time, requiring progressively more to achieve the same feeling. Furthermore, as we learn more about this terrifying drug, we are discovering that traditional drug rehabilitation is ineffective; meth requires much longer treatment--years, in fact.

Law enforcement, the Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, and state, county and local agencies are working around the clock to fight this monster of a drug. In the past five years, many home labs have been seized--good news for communities and for innocent children contaminated by meth, either from second hand smoke or through residue on furniture and rugs. The Idaho Department of Health and Welfare operates treatment programs around the state. Concerned individuals and organizations are forming local citizen task forces to meet the specific needs of their community.

Unfortunately, high seizure rates have sparked an increase in imported, concentrated meth from "superlabs," predominantly in Mexico. It reaches larger cities and is distributed to smaller communities around the state.

This must be dealt with at all levels: federal, state and local. This month, the federal government took additional steps to combat meth. Provisions in the newly-reauthorized Patriot Act include: -Major non-prescription drugs containing chemicals used in making meth must be kept behind the counter or in a locked cabinet. -There are new restrictions on mail order, Internet and flea market sales of these products. -Major meth precursor exporters and importers must report transactions and are held accountable for efforts to prevent diversion to meth production. -Funding has been authorized for cooperative efforts with Mexico to stop meth production there. -Federal penalties against meth traffickers and smugglers and those who who cook or deal meth in the presence of children have been strengthened. -The drug courts program is enh [Response was truncated to maximum response length of 2000 characters.]

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Immigration
Immigration, a General Statement

I have consistently maintained that there is a real need for a rational immigration policy. As additional immigration proposals are considered in Congress, I will continue to press for an immigration policy that is built on several important principles:

* First, the United States must commit the resources necessary to have the strongest border enforcement realistically possible. Preservation of the integrity of our borders is essential to both a sensible guest worker program as well as our national security. When we have a stable and manageable guest worker and immigration system, we will be able to ensure that those who come to our country, whether they seek to come as a temporary worker or to obtain permanent residency, do so in compliance with our rule of law.

* Second, our immigration system must not grant amnesty to those who enter our country illegally. No person who breaks the law and enters the U.S. illegally should obtain any benefit toward either permanent legal residency or citizenship as a result of their illegal conduct. This is unfair both to American citizens and to those who have gone through legal channels for immigration to the U.S.

* Third, our guest worker programs must assure that American citizens have the first right to access available jobs. There is significant debate about whether American citizens are losing U.S. jobs to workers from other countries. However, this debate can be resolved by assuring that any jobs made available in a guest worker program are first available to U.S. workers. Manageable ways to assure this have already been identified.

* Fourth, an efficient and workable guest worker program must be developed that will provide employers with a reliable, verifiable and legal system to identify guest workers who are legally in the country.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Securing Our Borders

First, the United States must commit the resources necessary to have the strongest border enforcement realistically possible. Preservation of the integrity of our borders is essential to both a sensible guest worker program as well as our national security. When we have a stable and manageable guest worker and immigration system, we will be able to ensure that those who come to our country, whether they seek to come as a temporary worker or to obtain permanent residency, do so in compliance with our rule of law.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Immigration Reform

I have consistently maintained that there is a real need for a rational immigration policy. As additional immigration proposals are considered in Congress, I will continue to press for an immigration policy that is built on several important principles:

* First, the United States must commit the resources necessary to have the strongest border enforcement realistically possible. Preservation of the integrity of our borders is essential to both a sensible guest worker program as well as our national security. When we have a stable and manageable guest worker and immigration system, we will be able to ensure that those who come to our country, whether they seek to come as a temporary worker or to obtain permanent residency, do so in compliance with our rule of law.

* Second, our immigration system must not grant amnesty to those who enter our country illegally. No person who breaks the law and enters the U.S. illegally should obtain any benefit toward either permanent legal residency or citizenship as a result of their illegal conduct. This is unfair both to American citizens and to those who have gone through legal channels for immigration to the U.S.

* Third, our guest worker programs must assure that American citizens have the first right to access available jobs. There is significant debate about whether American citizens are losing U.S. jobs to workers from other countries. However, this debate can be resolved by assuring that any jobs made available in a guest worker program are first available to U.S. workers. Manageable ways to assure this have already been identified.

* Fourth, an efficient and workable guest worker program must be developed that will provide employers with a reliable, verifiable and legal system to identify guest workers who are legally in the country.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Guest Worker Program

Our guest worker programs must assure that American citizens have the first right to access available jobs. There is significant debate about whether American citizens are losing U.S. jobs to workers from other countries. However, this debate can be resolved by assuring that any jobs made available in a guest worker program are first available to U.S. workers. Manageable ways to assure this have already been identified. An efficient and workable guest worker program must be developed that will provide employers with a reliable, verifiable and legal system to identify guest workers who are legally in the country.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Amnesty for Illegal Immigrants

Our immigration system must not grant amnesty to those who enter our country illegally. No person who breaks the law and enters the U.S. illegally should obtain any benefit toward either permanent legal residency or citizenship as a result of their illegal conduct. This is unfair both to American citizens and to those who have gone through legal channels for immigration to the U.S.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Internet, Media & Communications
Internet Pornography

Issues such as child predators--online or in person all affect the state of our families.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Internet Crime

Issues such as child predators--online or in person all affect the state of our families.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Internet, a General Statement

Increasingly, telecommunications and technology are part of our everyday lives. Computers are common in our homes and workplaces. E-mail traffic continues to grow. Cell phones not only receive calls, but browse the Internet, function as alarm clock and appointment reminders, and serve as instant messengers between friends Senator Crapo speaks to radio reporters from radio studio on Capitol Hill.and family members.

Nearly 70 percent of Americans use the Internet on a regular basis. While these changes are exciting and innovative, it is important that Congress promotes and maximizes technology in a way that keeps our country in the forefront of the field. It can improve our quality of life. It will strengthen our economy and eradicate trade barriers.

As a member of the Senate Republican High Tech Task Force, I am pleased to advocate for sound tax, trade and regulatory policies that ensure that we will remain on the cutting edge of research, development and innovation, ensuring that Americans have greater opportunity through technology and telecommunications advancement.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Internet Sexual Assault of Children

Issues such as child predators--online or in person all affect the state of our families.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Jobs
Jobs, a General Statement

Our country's economy is a living, changeable thing, and it requires that we each find that economic path that works best for us and our communities. When Alexander Hamilton, in the above quote, speaks about finding our "proper element," it brings to my mind the importance of providing the proper framework from the federal government so that each American can do just that. Our economic well-being is dependent upon many factors: tax rates, international trade and federal budget goals and realities. As I approach each facet, I do so with a commonsense approach that keeps as a priority the fact that it's your hard-earned money that the federal government is taxing, taking and spending. As a member of the Senate Budget Committee, I have the opportunity to represent the commonsense fiscal discipline that Idahoans expect.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Medical Insurance
Health Insurance Purchase Choices

The burden that high insurance and medical costs places on working families and seniors with fixed incomes needs to be addressed. While the government can play a role in providing and regulating health care, ultimately both consumers and providers should be free from excessive government interference with their health care choices. Instead of giving the government more power over health care, individual patients must be given more control, choice, and information to make their health care decisions. When individual patients have these choices, they will reward innovative providers and insurers who reduce costs and improve quality.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Medicare

Providing effective and affordable health care to our nation's elderly is one of the greatest challenges facing the health profession, insurers, and local, state, and federal governments. I have heard similar concerns from numerous Idahoans and understand the burden that high health care costs place on seniors with fixed incomes. Our nation's elderly should not be forced to forfeit vital necessities in order to afford adequate health care. Efforts to strengthen and improve the Medicare system are ongoing in Congress.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Market-Based Medical Insurance

The burden that high insurance and medical costs places on working families and seniors with fixed incomes needs to be addressed. In the 110th Congress, we must take steps to make health care more affordable, cover the uninsured and strengthen the safety net for those who fall through the cracks. Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness, modernizing federal tax rules for health coverage, encouraging states to design health solutions for their citizens, and improving access to information on the price and quality of health services. While the government can play a role in providing and regulating health care, ultimately both consumers and providers should be free from excessive government interference with their health care choices. Instead of giving the government more power over health care, individual patients must be given more control, choice, and information to make their health care decisions. When individual patients have these choices, they will reward innovative providers and insurers who reduce costs and improve quality.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Free Market Health Care

The burden that high insurance and medical costs places on working families and seniors with fixed incomes needs to be addressed. In the 110th Congress, we must take steps to make health care more affordable, cover the uninsured and strengthen the safety net for those who fall through the cracks. Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness, modernizing federal tax rules for health coverage, encouraging states to design health solutions for their citizens, and improving access to information on the price and quality of health services. While the government can play a role in providing and regulating health care, ultimately both consumers and providers should be free from excessive government interference with their health care choices. Instead of giving the government more power over health care, individual patients must be given more control, choice, and information to make their health care decisions. When individual patients have these choices, they will reward innovative providers and insurers who reduce costs and improve quality.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Health Insurance, a General Statement

The burden that high insurance and medical costs places on working families and seniors with fixed incomes needs to be addressed. In the 110th Congress, we must take steps to make health care more affordable, cover the uninsured and strengthen the safety net for those who fall through the cracks. Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness, modernizing federal tax rules for health coverage, encouraging states to design health solutions for their citizens, and improving access to information on the price and quality of health services. While the government can play a role in providing and regulating health care, ultimately both consumers and providers should be free from excessive government interference with their health care choices. Instead of giving the government more power over health care, individual patients must be given more control, choice, and information to make their health care decisions. When individual patients have these choices, they will reward innovative providers and insurers who reduce costs and improve quality.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Medically Uninsured or Underinsured

In the 110th Congress, we must cover the uninsured and strengthen the safety net for those who fall through the cracks. Congress must take a number of steps to address this issue including promoting prevention and wellness, modernizing federal tax rules for health coverage, encouraging states to design health solutions for their citizens, and improving access to information on the price and quality of health services.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

African, Latino & Native Americans
Native Americans, a General Statement

Kootenai, Coeur d'Alene, Dubois, Nez Perce, Ahsaska, Indian Valley, Payette, Shoshone. These are just some of the location names of Idaho that point to a fascinating and diverse past. Much of Idaho's history begins with Native American tribes; many of the names of our cities and counties have Indian origins.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Casinos on Native American Reservations

Q: What does Senator Crapo think about gaming?

A: I do not support any gaming, but feel that what is permitted for the state should be permitted for the tribes.

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

African Americans, a General Statement

KNowadays Idaho has a small but vibrant and growing African American community.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Latino Americans, a General Statement

The Hispanic population in Idaho is one of the fastest growing in the country.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Prescription Drugs
Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Program for Seniors

The new Medicare drug program is the largest federal entitlement program to be enacted in four decades. Any time the government undertakes a project of this magnitude, complications will arise. And alarm over problems can obscure good news--as of January 19, 84,000 of the 193,000 Medicare-eligible beneficiaries in Idaho were enrolled under the new Medicare Part D. The Idaho Department of Health and Welfare, together with local agencies and organizations, currently have 173 sites statewide to help educate and enroll Idaho seniors in the new program.

Challenges remain. I know about confusing new co-payments and formularies, tied-up phone lines and malfunctioning computer systems. These problems are unacceptable and improvements are being implemented. I have been in contact with numerous groups affected by these issues and am working with Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to apply solutions.

The current enrollment period ends May 15, so if you or a loved one has not yet signed up for the prescription drug benefit, there are many resources to help you do so. The drug plans might seem complicated at first glance, but with some time devoted to research, recipients will find a plan that will save money.

As we go into the second half of February, it's important to remember that the best time to enroll is the first part of the month. The following information may help: -Twelve insurance plans offering coverage in Idaho have prescription drug plans with no premium for beneficiaries who qualify for extra assistance. -All plans meet Medicare requirements for access to medically-necessary drugs, access to convenient retail pharmacies and access to drugs for those in nursing homes. -All plans are required to meet the minimum Medicare standard which covers an average of 75 percent of drug costs after a $250 deductible up to $2,250. The coverages also pay 95 percent after $3,600 in out-of-pocket costs. -The Senior Health Insurance Benefits Advisors (SHIBA [Response was truncated to maximum response length of 2000 characters.]

Source: Candidate Website (10/02/2004)

Science, Technology & Space
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

For this reason, I have consistently supported the NASA Idaho Space Grant Consortium in its impressive work. The Space Grant program was established by Congress in 1988 to increase science, math and engineering education in our nation. The Idaho Space Grant Consortium (ISGC) serves the people of Idaho with a flexible, broad based grant program that encourages NASA-related research, special projects and K-12 initiatives across the state.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Science, a General Statement

"A people ... who are possessed of the spirit of commerce, who see and who will pursue their advantages may achieve almost anything." George Washington

As a member of the Senate Republican High-Tech Task Force, I continue to support cutting-edge science and research programs.

The United States leads the world in many areas due to investments made by both public and private sectors in biotechnology, health, space, aeronautics, general science and other fields. To maintain our competitive edge, it is critical that we continue to invest in math and science education.

For this reason, I have consistently supported the NASA Idaho Space Grant Consortium in its impressive work. The Space Grant program was established by Congress in 1988 to increase science, math and engineering education in our nation. The Idaho Space Grant Consortium (ISGC) serves the people of Idaho with a flexible, broad based grant program that encourages NASA-related research, special projects and K-12 initiatives across the state.

Additionally, I support the invaluable research and scholarship at the Idaho National Laboratory, where scientists and mathematicians continue to set records and make major headway in the field of nuclear energy. Funding for research and development and math, science and technical education is important for our future. I will continue to support efforts in this important area.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Science and Technology Research and Development

As a member of the Senate Republican High-Tech Task Force, I continue to support cutting-edge science and research programs.

The United States leads the world in many areas due to investments made by both public and private sectors in biotechnology, health, space, aeronautics, general science and other fields. To maintain our competitive edge, it is critical that we continue to invest in math and science education.

For this reason, I have consistently supported the NASA Idaho Space Grant Consortium in its impressive work. The Space Grant program was established by Congress in 1988 to increase science, math and engineering education in our nation. The Idaho Space Grant Consortium (ISGC) serves the people of Idaho with a flexible, broad based grant program that encourages NASA-related research, special projects and K-12 initiatives across the state.

Additionally, I support the invaluable research and scholarship at the Idaho National Laboratory, where scientists and mathematicians continue to set records and make major headway in the field of nuclear energy. Funding for research and development and math, science and technical education is important for our future. I will continue to support efforts in this important area.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Technology, a General Statement

Increasingly, telecommunications and technology are part of our everyday lives. Computers are common in our homes and workplaces. E-mail traffic continues to grow. Cell phones not only receive calls, but browse the Internet, function as alarm clock and appointment reminders, and serve as instant messengers between friends Senator Crapo speaks to radio reporters from radio studio on Capitol Hill.and family members.

Nearly 70 percent of Americans use the Internet on a regular basis. While these changes are exciting and innovative, it is important that Congress promotes and maximizes technology in a way that keeps our country in the forefront of the field. It can improve our quality of life. It will strengthen our economy and eradicate trade barriers.

As a member of the Senate Republican High Tech Task Force, I am pleased to advocate for sound tax, trade and regulatory policies that ensure that we will remain on the cutting edge of research, development and innovation, ensuring that Americans have greater opportunity through technology and telecommunications advancement.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Social Security & Pensions
Pension Reform

I understand the need for pension protection in light of current economic conditions. When companies declare bankruptcy, all too often it is the retirees who are adversely affected. American workers should not be concerned about the security of their pension plans. As a member of the Senate Finance Committee, I will work with my colleagues in Congress to protect the interests of Idaho's workers and their pension plans.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation

I understand the need for pension protection in light of current economic conditions. When companies declare bankruptcy, all too often it is the retirees who are adversely affected. American workers should not be concerned about the security of their pension plans. As a member of the Senate Finance Committee, I will work with my colleagues in Congress to protect the interests of Idaho's workers and their pension plans.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Raising the Retirement Age or Reducing Payment Levels

I agree that the federal government should not hamper a senior's ability to live in a financially stable environment. I look forward to examining a wide array of proposals to strengthen Social Security and will continue to seek methods of improving the Social Security system for those who are now on it and those who will depend on it in the future.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Long Term Viability of Social Security

Congress has undertaken the monumental task of preserving the Social Security system for current beneficiaries and future generations. I agree that the federal government should not hamper a senior's ability to live in a financially stable environment. I look forward to examining a wide array of proposals to strengthen Social Security and will continue to seek methods of improving the Social Security system for those who are now on it and those who will depend on it in the future.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Pensions, a General Statement

I understand the need for pension protection in light of current economic conditions. When companies declare bankruptcy, all too often it is the retirees who are adversely affected. American workers should not be concerned about the security of their pension plans. As a member of the Senate Finance Committee, I will work with my colleagues in Congress to protect the interests of Idaho's workers and their pension plans.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Social Security, a General Statement

Congress has undertaken the monumental task of preserving the Social Security system for current beneficiaries and future generations. I agree that the federal government should not hamper a senior's ability to live in a financially stable environment. I look forward to examining a wide array of proposals to strengthen Social Security and will continue to seek methods of improving the Social Security system for those who are now on it and those who will depend on it in the future.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Taxes
Tax Reform

It is estimated that the average family today pays nearly 40 percent of its income in local, state, and federal taxes combined. In a family where both parents work, in many cases, one parent is essentially working to pay the government. This is unacceptable. There are currently many tax relief proposals in Congress that deserve careful consideration. I am dedicated to reforming the tax code to lower the burden on all Americans and to making the tax code fairer, flatter and simpler. Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Tax Code

I am dedicated to reforming the tax code to lower the burden on all Americans and to making the tax code fairer, flatter and simpler. Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Taxes Policy

It is estimated that the average family today pays nearly 40 percent of its income in local, state, and federal taxes combined. In a family where both parents work, in many cases, one parent is essentially working to pay the government. This is unacceptable. There are currently many tax relief proposals in Congress that deserve careful consideration. I am dedicated to reforming the tax code to lower the burden on all Americans and to making the tax code fairer, flatter and simpler. Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

National Sales Tax

Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Flat Tax

Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Tax Proposals

There are currently many tax relief proposals in Congress that deserve careful consideration. I am dedicated to reforming the tax code to lower the burden on all Americans and to making the tax code fairer, flatter and simpler. Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Taxes, a General Statement

It is estimated that the average family today pays nearly 40 percent of its income in local, state, and federal taxes combined. In a family where both parents work, in many cases, one parent is essentially working to pay the government. This is unacceptable. There are currently many tax relief proposals in Congress that deserve careful consideration. I am dedicated to reforming the tax code to lower the burden on all Americans and to making the tax code fairer, flatter and simpler. Whether we cut taxes across-the-board, adopt a flat income tax or a national sales tax, it is imperative we take advantage of our financial prosperity and give some money back to the taxpayers.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Income Tax Rates

It is estimated that the average family today pays nearly 40 percent of its income in local, state, and federal taxes combined. In a family where both parents work, in many cases, one parent is essentially working to pay the government. This is unacceptable.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Trade
Trade Policy Priorities

I support fair trade and have confidence in the ability of U.S. agriculture, business, and industry to compete in global markets that provide increased access, reduced tariffs, and reduced non-tariff barriers. As the U.S. pursues multilateral and bilateral free trade agreements, our trade agreements should achieve mutually-beneficial trade.

.At the beginning of my second term in the Senate, I was appointed to the Senate Finance Committee, which has jurisdiction over reciprocal trade agreements. As the Committee and Congress consider trade agreements, I will continue to work to ensure that we gain strong achievements for agriculture through our trade agreements.

I support free and fair trade and have confidence in the ability of U.S. agriculture, business, and industry to compete in global markets that provide increased access, reduced tariffs and reduced non-tariff barriers. However, trade must be free and fair if it is to work. When we open our markets, we also expect our trading partners to reduce trade barriers and to open their own markets to our goods and services. We can be tough and fair on trade at the same time by strictly enforcing all of our trade laws and also ensuring that domestic firms are protected with access to U.S. trade remedy laws.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Free Market Vision

I support free and fair trade and have confidence in the ability of U.S. agriculture, business, and industry to compete in global markets that provide increased access, reduced tariffs and reduced non-tariff barriers. However, trade must be free and fair if it is to work. When we open our markets, we also expect our trading partners to reduce trade barriers and to open their own markets to our goods and services. We can be tough and fair on trade at the same time by strictly enforcing all of our trade laws and also ensuring that domestic firms are protected with access to U.S. trade remedy laws.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Trade, a General Statement

I support fair trade and have confidence in the ability of U.S. agriculture, business, and industry to compete in global markets that provide increased access, reduced tariffs, and reduced non-tariff barriers. As the U.S. pursues multilateral and bilateral free trade agreements, our trade agreements should achieve mutually-beneficial trade.

.At the beginning of my second term in the Senate, I was appointed to the Senate Finance Committee, which has jurisdiction over reciprocal trade agreements. As the Committee and Congress consider trade agreements, I will continue to work to ensure that we gain strong achievements for agriculture through our trade agreements.

I support free and fair trade and have confidence in the ability of U.S. agriculture, business, and industry to compete in global markets that provide increased access, reduced tariffs and reduced non-tariff barriers. However, trade must be free and fair if it is to work. When we open our markets, we also expect our trading partners to reduce trade barriers and to open their own markets to our goods and services. We can be tough and fair on trade at the same time by strictly enforcing all of our trade laws and also ensuring that domestic firms are protected with access to U.S. trade remedy laws.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Transportation
Federal Infrastructure & Transportation Funding

Any good transportation legislation must distribute highway funds in a way that recognizes the national interest in transportation investment in and across rural states, not just in populated areas. Without good interstate and arterial routes in states like Idaho, business and pleasure travel as well as interstate commerce are detrimentally affected. Accordingly, there is no question that the federal highway program needs to make a substantial net investment in the highways of Idaho.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Transportation, a General Statement

A good transportation system promotes economic growth in Idaho and across the nation and improves our personal mobility and quality of life. Highways and infrastructure play a critical role in attracting economic development to rural locations like many Idaho cities and towns. A good transportation system gets product from the farm and factory to the distribution centers, and on to the stores and consumers. It enables us to move safely and efficiently to school, work, around town and around the state and country.

On a more general level, any good transportation legislation must distribute highway funds in a way that recognizes the national interest in transportation investment in and across rural states, not just in populated areas. Without good interstate and arterial routes in states like Idaho, business and pleasure travel as well as interstate commerce are detrimentally affected. Accordingly, there is no question that the federal highway program needs to make a substantial net investment in the highways of Idaho.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Veterans
Veterans, a General Statement

Our nation is indebted to those individuals who have served in the Armed Services and we must keep our commitment to these brave men and women. I recognize the importance of ensuring the federal government takes the necessary steps to address the needs of veterans and to acknowledge the sacrifices they have made for the very freedom we hold dear. I have been honored to meet many of the thousands of veterans who call Idaho home.

I have also had the privilege of interviewing some of these brave men and women for the Library of Congress Veterans History Project. In recording their wartime memories, I have heard stories of bravery in face of the enemy and extraordinary love and support by the families they left behind. As elected officials, it is only proper that we also show our support. I will continue to work with my colleagues in Congress to improve benefits and programs for our nation's veterans. Each day we see reports about the price our military members pay to defend our freedom and protect our national security. We must never forget their contributions or that of the veterans who have gone before them. Another way to pay tribute to those who have served our country is through an online interactive photo of the Vietnam War Memorial, which allows viewers to add photos, comments and stories about those who lost their lives during the Vietnam conflict.

Idaho is home to thousands of veterans, who served our country honorably. In the 110th Congress, I joined with my colleagues to designate March 25, 2007, as National Medal of Honor Day. More than 3,400 service personnel have received the Medal of Honor since it was first awarded on March 25, 1863, to six Union soldiers. Only 111 recipients of the nation's highest military honor are still living; at least five of those live in Idaho.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

GI Bill & Veterans' Benefits

Our nation is indebted to those individuals who have served in the Armed Services and we must keep our commitment to these brave men and women. I recognize the importance of ensuring the federal government takes the necessary steps to address the needs of veterans and to acknowledge the sacrifices they have made for the very freedom we hold dear. I have been honored to meet many of the thousands of veterans who call Idaho home.

I have also had the privilege of interviewing some of these brave men and women for the Library of Congress Veterans History Project. In recording their wartime memories, I have heard stories of bravery in face of the enemy and extraordinary love and support by the families they left behind. As elected officials, it is only proper that we also show our support. I will continue to work with my colleagues in Congress to improve benefits and programs for our nation's veterans. Each day we see reports about the price our military members pay to defend our freedom and protect our national security. We must never forget their contributions or that of the veterans who have gone before them.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

Veterans' Recognition

Another way to pay tribute to those who have served our country is through an online interactive photo of the Vietnam War Memorial, which allows viewers to add photos, comments and stories about those who lost their lives during the Vietnam conflict.

Idaho is home to thousands of veterans, who served our country honorably. In the 110th Congress, I joined with my colleagues to designate March 25, 2007, as National Medal of Honor Day. More than 3,400 service personnel have received the Medal of Honor since it was first awarded on March 25, 1863, to six Union soldiers. Only 111 recipients of the nation's highest military honor are still living; at least five of those live in Idaho.

Source: crapo.senate.gov/issues (01/11/2011)

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